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Document and Entity Information
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Jul. 30, 2010
Document Type 10-Q
Amendment Flag false
Document Period End Date 2010-06-27
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2010
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q2
Trading Symbol HOG
Entity Registrant Name HARLEY DAVIDSON INC
Entity Central Index Key 0000793952
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding 235,498,805
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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (USD  $)
In Thousands, except Per Share data
3 Months Ended 6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Jun. 28, 2009
Jun. 27, 2010
Jun. 28, 2009
Revenue:
Motorcycles and related products  $ 1,135,101  $ 1,135,734  $ 2,172,436  $ 2,414,166
Financial services 173,705 123,967 343,542 228,634
Total revenue 1,308,806 1,259,701 2,515,978 2,642,800
Costs and expenses:
Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold 738,117 748,539 1,395,905 1,552,925
Financial services interest expense 69,121 79,118 150,324 132,818
Financial services provision for credit losses 9,262 75,475 41,068 81,386
Selling, administrative and engineering expense 243,429 229,364 478,779 471,386
Restructuring expense 30,125 15,131 78,361 49,993
Goodwill impairment 28,387 28,387
Total costs and expenses 1,090,054 1,176,014 2,144,437 2,316,895
Operating income 218,752 83,687 371,541 325,905
Investment income 1,551 317 2,427 2,270
Interest expense 23,591 840 47,046 10,586
Income before provision for income taxes 196,712 83,164 326,922 317,589
Provision for income taxes 57,425 49,787 118,894 156,159
Income from continuing operations 139,287 33,377 208,028 161,430
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (68,130) (13,627) (103,546) (24,333)
Net income  $ 71,157  $ 19,750  $ 104,482  $ 137,097
Earnings per common share from continuing operations:
Basic  $ 0.6  $ 0.14  $ 0.89  $ 0.69
Diluted  $ 0.59  $ 0.14  $ 0.89  $ 0.69
Loss per common share from discontinued operations:
Basic  $ (0.29)  $ (0.06)  $ (0.44)  $ (0.1)
Diluted  $ (0.29)  $ (0.06)  $ (0.44)  $ (0.1)
Earnings per common share:
Basic  $ 0.3  $ 0.08  $ 0.45  $ 0.59
Diluted  $ 0.3  $ 0.08  $ 0.45  $ 0.59
Cash dividends per common share  $ 0.1  $ 0.1  $ 0.2  $ 0.2
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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (USD  $)
In Thousands
6 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Jun. 28, 2009
Dec. 31, 2009
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents  $ 1,414,912  $ 1,023,401  $ 1,630,433
Marketable securities 86,518 39,685
Accounts receivable, net 248,620 253,544 269,371
Finance receivables held for investment, net 1,061,598 1,651,700 1,436,114
Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net 743,697
Inventories 296,920 403,524 323,029
Assets of discontinued operations 85,126 243,925 181,211
Restricted cash held by variable interest entities 344,595
Other current assets 304,015 346,299 462,106
Total current assets 4,586,001 3,922,393 4,341,949
Finance receivables held for investment, net 1,717,644 3,472,325 3,621,048
Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net 2,850,684
Property, plant and equipment, net 810,104 983,050 906,906
Goodwill 28,110 31,892 31,400
Other long-term assets 231,350 355,026 254,215
Total Assets 10,223,893 8,764,686 9,155,518
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable 241,719 272,989 162,515
Accrued liabilities 592,185 523,233 514,084
Liabilities of discontinued operations 61,501 72,349 69,535
Short-term debt 322,941 1,690,910 189,999
Current portion of long-term debt 341,452 1,332,091
Current portion of long-term debt held by variable interest entities 817,602
Total current liabilities 2,377,400 2,559,481 2,268,224
Long-term debt 2,825,334 3,038,387 4,114,039
Long-term debt held by variable interest entities 2,227,025
Pension liability 244,115 491,021 245,332
Postretirement healthcare liability 265,326 263,712 264,472
Other long-term liabilities 147,689 159,302 155,333
Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)      
Total shareholders' equity 2,137,004 2,252,783 2,108,118
Total Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity  $ 10,223,893  $ 8,764,686  $ 9,155,518
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CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (USD  $)
In Thousands
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Jun. 28, 2009
Net cash provided by (used by) operating activities of continuing operations (Note 3)  $ 726,010  $ (124,962)
Cash flows from investing activities of continuing operations:
Capital expenditures (45,754) (49,113)
Origination of finance receivables held for investment (1,201,812) (281,486)
Collections on finance receivables held for investment 1,364,188 255,387
Collection of retained securitization interests 26,904
Purchases of marketable securities (60,670)
Sales and redemptions of marketable securities 13,526
Net cash provided by (used by) investing activities of continuing operations 69,478 (48,308)
Cash flows from financing activities of continuing operations:
Proceeds from issuance of senior unsecured notes   589,255
Proceeds from securitization debt 497,771
Repayments of securitization debt (1,007,271) (13,907)
Net increase (decrease) in credit facilities and unsecured commercial paper 38,235 (392,366)
Net borrowings of asset-backed commercial paper 87,706
Net change in restricted cash 21,946 (76,658)
Dividends (47,033) (46,913)
Purchase of common stock for treasury (1,191) (296)
Excess tax benefits from share-based payments 3,400 147
Issuance of common stock under employee stock option plans 7,184 10
Net cash (used by) provided by financing activities of continuing operations (984,730) 644,749
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations (3,172) 18,662
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations (192,414) 490,141
Cash flows from discontinued operations:
Cash flows from operating activities of discontinued operations (22,010) (39,445)
Cash flows from investing activities of discontinued operations (11,843)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations (1,856) (1,217)
Net cash used by discontinued operations, total (23,866) (52,505)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (216,280) 437,636
Cash and cash equivalents:
Cash and cash equivalents-beginning of period 1,630,433 568,894
Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations-beginning of period 6,063 24,664
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (216,280) 437,636
Less: Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations-end of period (5,304) (7,793)
Cash and cash equivalents-end of period  $ 1,414,912  $ 1,023,401
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Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
1. Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Harley-Davidson, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the Company), including the accounts of the groups of companies doing business as Harley-Davidson Motor Company (HDMC), Buell Motorcycle Company (Buell), MV Agusta (MV) and Harley-Davidson Financial Services (HDFS). In addition, certain variable interest entities (VIEs) related to secured financing are consolidated as the Company is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany accounts and material transactions are eliminated.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of June 27, 2010 and June 28, 2009, the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three and six month periods then ended and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the six month periods then ended.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) for interim financial reporting. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2009.

The Company operates in two business segments: Motorcycles & Related Products (Motorcycles) and Financial Services (Financial Services).

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

During 2008, the Company acquired Italian motorcycle manufacturer MV and the results of MV were included in the Motorcycles segment. On October 15, 2009, the Company announced its intent to divest MV. The Motorcycles segment financial information has been adjusted to reflect MV as a discontinued operation for all periods presented.

 

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New Accounting Standards
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
New Accounting Standards
2. New Accounting Standards

Accounting Standards Recently Adopted

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 166, "Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets, an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140." SFAS No. 166 amended the guidance within Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 860, "Transfers and Servicing," primarily by removing the concept of a qualifying special purpose entity as well as removing the exception from applying FASB Interpretation No. 46(R), "Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities." Upon the effective adoption date, formerly qualifying special purpose entities (QSPEs), as defined under prior U.S. GAAP had to be evaluated for consolidation within an entity's financial statements. Additionally, the guidance within ASC Topic 860 requires enhanced disclosures about the transfer of financial assets as well as an entity's continuing involvement, if any, in transferred financial assets. In connection with term asset-backed securitization transactions prior to 2009, HDFS utilized QSPEs as defined under prior U.S. GAAP which were not subject to consolidation in the Company's financial statements.

In June 2009, the FASB issued SFAS No. 167, "Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R)." SFAS No. 167 amended the guidance within ASC Topic 810, "Consolidations," by adding formerly off-balance sheet QSPEs to its scope (the concept of these entities was eliminated by SFAS No. 166). In addition, companies must perform an analysis to determine whether the company's variable interest or interests give it a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity (VIE). Companies must also reassess on an ongoing basis whether they are the primary beneficiary of a VIE.

 

Effects of Adoption on January 1, 2010

The Company was required to adopt the new guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860 as of January 1, 2010. The Company determined that the formerly unconsolidated QSPEs that HDFS utilized were VIEs, of which the Company was the primary beneficiary, and consolidated them into the Company's financial statements beginning January 1, 2010. In accordance with ASC Topic 810, the Company measured the initial carrying values of the assets and liabilities of the VIEs by determining what those values would have been on January 1, 2010 as if the new guidance had been in effect when the Company first met the conditions as the primary beneficiary. The Company's VIEs are discussed in further detail in Note 6.

The initial adoption of the new accounting guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860 did not impact the Company's statement of operations. The following table summarizes the effects on the Company's balance sheet of adopting the new guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860 on January 1, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     As of
December 31, 2009
    Effect of
consolidation
    As of
January 1, 2010
 

Finance receivables held for investment(1)

    $ 4,961,894       $ 1,922,833       $ 6,884,727   

Allowance for finance credit losses(1)

    $ (150,082    $ (49,424    $ (199,506

Investment in retained securitization interests(1)

    $ 245,350       $ (245,350    $ —     

Restricted cash held by variable interest entities(2)

    $ —         $ 198,874       $ 198,874   

Other current assets(2)

    $ 462,106       $ 40,224       $ 502,330   

Accrued liabilities

    $ (514,084    $ (11,952    $ (526,036

Long-term debt

    $ (5,446,130    $ (1,892,313    $ (7,338,443

Retained earnings

    $ (6,324,268    $ 40,591       $ (6,283,677

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

    $ 417,898       $ (3,483    $ 414,415   

 

(1) These three lines items were reported together as Finance receivables held for investment, net prior to January 1, 2010.
(2) At December 31, 2009, the Company had  $167.7 million of restricted cash related to its 2009 on-balance sheet term-asset backed securitization transactions and its asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility. These amounts were reported within Other current assets as of December 31, 2009.

Financial Statement Comparability to Prior Periods

The new accounting guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860 is adopted on a prospective basis. Prior periods have not been restated and therefore will not be comparable to the current period as discussed below.

Under the new accounting guidance, the Company's securitization transactions are considered secured borrowings rather than asset sales. Beginning in 2010, the Company recognizes interest income and credit losses on the previously unconsolidated securitized receivables and interest expense on the related debt. The Company's statement of operations no longer includes income from securitizations which consisted of an initial gain or loss on new securitization transactions, income on the investment in retained securitization interests and servicer fees. In addition, the Company will no longer incur charges related to other-than-temporary impairments on its investment in retained securitization interests as that asset has been derecognized.

Finance receivables consolidated as part of the adoption of the new accounting guidance, as well as finance receivables securitized as part of the Company's 2009 on-balance sheet securitization transactions and finance receivables restricted as collateral under the Company's asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility, are reported on the Company's balance sheet as restricted finance receivables held for investment by VIEs. Prior to the adoption of the new accounting guidance, finance receivables held by VIEs were included in finance receivables held for investment. In addition, finance receivable securitization debt is now reported as debt held by VIEs.

 

Historically, U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables intended for securitization through off-balance sheet securitization transactions were initially classified as finance receivables held for sale. Accordingly, all of the related cash flows were classified as operating cash flows in the statement of cash flows. After the adoption of the new guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860, all retail finance receivables are considered held for investment, as the Company has the intent and ability to hold the finance receivables for the foreseeable future, or until maturity. The adoption guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860 requires the Company to apply the standards on a prospective basis as if they had always been in effect. Therefore, the Company has classified post-January 1, 2010 cash flows related to all of its retail motorcycle finance receivables as investing cash flows in the statement of cash flows.

 

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Additional Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Information
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Additional Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Information
3. Additional Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Information

Marketable Securities

The Company's marketable securities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     June 27,
2010
   December 31,
2009
   June 28,
2009

Available-for-sale:

        

Corporate bond investments

    $ 86,518     $ 39,685     $ —  

The Company's available-for-sale securities have maturities of less than one year and are carried at fair value with any unrealized gains or losses reported in other comprehensive income. During the first six months of 2010, the Company recognized gross unrealized losses of  $0.8 million, or  $0.5 million net of tax, to adjust amortized cost to fair value. There were no marketable securities held at June 28, 2009.

Finance Receivables

Finance receivables held for investment, net, including finance receivables held by VIEs, consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     June 27,
2010
    December 31,
2009
    June 28,
2009
 

Wholesale

    $ 784,379       $ 870,001       $ 1,084,709   

Retail

     5,772,227        4,091,893        3,877,424   
                        
     6,556,606        4,961,894        4,962,133   

Allowance for finance credit losses

     (182,983     (150,082     (114,335
                        
     6,373,623        4,811,812        4,847,798   

Investment in retained securitization interests

     —          245,350        276,227   
                        
    $ 6,373,623       $ 5,057,162       $ 5,124,025   
                        

At June 27, 2010, the allowance for finance credit losses on finance receivables held for investment was  $183.0 million which consisted of  $170.5 million for retail finance receivables and  $12.5 million for wholesale finance receivables. Of the  $170.5 million allowance for finance credit losses on retail finance receivables,  $107.4 million related to retail finance receivables held by VIEs.

As part of the January 1, 2010 adoption of the new accounting guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860, the Company established an initial  $49.4 million allowance for credit losses related to the previously unconsolidated securitized finance receivables. The initial allowance was recorded through the adoption adjustment to retained earnings.

 

During the second quarter of 2009, the Company reclassified  $3.14 billion of finance receivables held for sale at the lower of cost or fair value to finance receivables held for investment due to the structure of its May 2009 term asset-backed securitization transaction and the Company's intent to structure subsequent securitization transactions in a manner that did not qualify for accounting sale treatment under prior U.S. GAAP. As a result of the reclassification, the Company recorded a  $72.7 million increase to the allowance for credit losses during the second quarter of 2009 in order to establish the initial reserve for the reclassified receivables.

Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. Substantially all inventories located in the United States are valued using the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method. Other inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Inventories consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     June 27,
2010
    December 31,
2009
    June 28,
2009
 

Components at the lower of FIFO cost or market

      

Raw materials and work in process

    $ 91,523       $ 104,641       $ 128,813   

Motorcycle finished goods

     144,671        168,002        206,297   

Parts and accessories and general merchandise

     96,163        84,823        105,005   
                        

Inventory at lower of FIFO cost or market

     332,357        357,466        440,115   

Excess of FIFO over LIFO cost

     (35,437     (34,437     (36,591
                        
    $ 296,920       $ 323,029       $ 403,524   
                        

 

Operating Cash Flow

The reconciliation of net income to net cash provided by (used by) operating activities is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Six months ended  
     June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
 

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

    $ 104,482       $ 137,097   

Loss from discontinued operations

     (103,546     (24,333
                

Income from continuing operations

     208,028        161,430   

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     136,600        123,852   

Provision for employee long-term benefits

     45,506        46,689   

Contributions to pension and postretirement plans

     (22,151     (14,510

Stock compensation expense

     13,935        6,622   

Net change in wholesale finance receivables

     100,956        129,075   

Origination of retail finance receivables held for sale

     —          (1,180,467

Collections on retail finance receivables held for sale

     —          473,989   

Impairment of retained securitization interests

     —          32,165   

Lower of cost or fair market value adjustment on finance receivables held for sale

     —          5,895   

Pension and postretirement healthcare plan curtailment and settlement expense

     1,558        —     

Provision for credit losses

     41,068        81,386   

Goodwill impairment

     —          28,387   

Foreign currency adjustments

     (14,429     (28,866

Other, net

     88,708        35,199   

Changes in current assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable, net

     1,527        14,400   

Finance receivables - accrued interest and other

     7,742        1,064   

Inventories

     11,077        (9,814

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     134,389        (63,549

Restructuring reserves

     (25,391     29,115   

Derivative instruments

     1,260        176   

Other

     (4,373     2,800   
                

Total adjustments

     517,982        (286,392
                

Net cash provided by (used by) operating activities of continuing operations

    $ 726,010       $ (124,962
                

 

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MV Planned Divestiture
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
MV Planned Divestiture
4. MV Planned Divestiture

In October 2009, the Company unveiled a new business strategy to drive growth through a focus of efforts and resources on the unique strengths of the Harley-Davidson brand and to enhance productivity and profitability through continuous improvement. The Company's Board of Directors approved and the Company committed to the divestiture of MV as part of this strategy. The Company engaged a third party investment bank to assist with the marketing and sale of MV at a price that is reasonable relative to its fair value. The Company's efforts to sell MV are progressing and the Company expects to complete its divestiture of MV during 2010. As a result, MV is presented as a discontinued operation for all periods presented.

 

The following table summarizes the net revenue, pre-tax loss and loss per common share from discontinued operations for the periods noted (in thousands except per share amounts):

 

     Three months ended     Six months ended  
     June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
 

Revenue

    $ 22,029       $ 17,914       $ 44,580       $ 30,130   

Loss before income taxes

    $ (83,580    $ (14,615    $ (125,389    $ (25,301

Net loss

    $ (68,130    $ (13,627    $ (103,546    $ (24,333

Loss per common share

    $ (0.29    $ (0.06    $ (0.44    $ (0.10

During the first half of 2010, the Company incurred a  $125.4 million pre-tax loss from discontinued operations, or  $103.5 million net of tax. Included in the first half 2010 operating loss was an impairment charge of  $111.8 million, or  $90.2 million net of tax, which represented the excess of net book value of the held-for-sale assets over the fair value less selling costs. The impairment charge is included in loss from discontinued operations and consisted of  $32.3 million accounts receivable valuation allowance;  $25.2 million inventory valuation allowance;  $26.9 million fixed asset impairment;  $15.8 million intangible asset impairment;  $2.6 million other asset valuation allowance; and  $9.0 million of currency translation adjustment.

At June 27, 2010, assets of discontinued operations consisted of  $4.1 million of accounts receivable, net;  $3.5 million of inventories; and  $77.5 million of other assets. At June 27, 2010, liabilities of discontinued operations consisted  $44.9 million of accounts payable and accrued liabilities and  $16.6 million of other liabilities.

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Restructuring Expense and Other Impairments
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Restructuring Expense and Other Impairments
5. Restructuring Expense and Other Impairments

2009 Restructuring Plan

During 2009, in response to the U.S. economic recession and worldwide slowdown in consumer demand, the Company committed to a volume reduction and a combination of restructuring actions (2009 Restructuring Plan) in the Motorcycles and Financial Services segments which are expected to be completed by 2012. The 2009 Restructuring Plan was designed to reduce administrative costs, eliminate excess capacity and exit non-core business operations. The Company's planned actions include:

 

   

consolidating its two engine and transmission plants in the Milwaukee area into its facility in Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin;

 

   

closing its distribution facility in Franklin, Wisconsin and consolidating Parts and Accessories and General Merchandise distribution through a third party;

 

   

discontinuing the domestic transportation fleet;

 

   

consolidating its vehicle test facilities from three locations in Alabama, Arizona and Florida into one location in Arizona;

 

   

restructuring its York, Pennsylvania motorcycle production facility to focus on the core operations of motorcycle assembly, metal fabrication and paint; and

 

   

exiting the Buell product line. The Company ceased production of Buell motorcycles at the end of October 2009 and the sale of remaining Buell motorcycle inventory to independent dealers and/or distributors is expected to be completed during 2010.

The 2009 Restructuring Plan included a reduction of approximately 2,700 to 2,900 hourly production positions and approximately 720 non-production, primarily salaried positions within the Motorcycles segment and approximately 100 salaried positions in the Financial Services segment. These headcount reductions began in 2009 and are expected to be completed during 2011.

 

Restructuring expenses consist of employee severance and termination costs, accelerated depreciation on the long-lived assets that will be exited as part of the 2009 Restructuring Plan and other related costs. The Company expects total costs related to the 2009 Restructuring Plan to result in restructuring and impairment expenses of approximately  $430 million to  $460 million from 2009 to 2012, of which approximately 30% are expected to be non-cash. On a cumulative basis, the Company has incurred  $302.6 million of restructuring and impairment expense under the 2009 Restructuring Plan as of June 27, 2010, of which  $78.4 million was incurred during the first six months of 2010. Approximately 2,500 employees have left the Company under the 2009 Restructuring Plan as of June 27, 2010.

The following table summarizes the Company's 2009 Restructuring Plan reserve recorded in accrued liabilities as of June 27, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     Motorcycles & Related Products     Financial Services        
     Employee
Severance and
Termination Costs
    Accelerated
Depreciation
    Asset
Impairment
    Other     Total     Employee
Severance and
Termination Costs
    Other     Total     Consolidated
Total
 

Restructuring expense

    $ 39,452       $ 9,141       $ —         $ 1,400       $ 49,993       $ —         $ —         $ —         $ 49,993   

Utilized - cash

     (8,187     —          —          (1,400     (9,587     —          —          —          (9,587

Utilized - noncash

     (4,533     (9,141     —          —          (13,674     —          —          —          (13,674
                                                                        

Balance, June 28, 2009

    $ 26,732       $ —         $ —         $ —         $ 26,732       $ —         $ —         $ —         $ 26,732   

Restructuring expense

     64,317        17,764        18,024        70,878        170,983        1,679        1,623        3,302        174,285   

Utilized - cash

     (21,698     —          —          (39,456     (61,154     (1,460     (1,197     (2,657     (63,811

Utilized - noncash

     (33,281     (17,764     (18,024     —          (69,069     —          (426     (426     (69,495
                                                                        

Balance, December 31, 2009

    $ 36,070       $ —         $ —         $ 31,422       $ 67,492       $ 219       $ —         $ 219       $ 67,711   

Restructuring expense

     27,527        33,724        —          17,110        78,361        —          —          —          78,361   

Utilized - cash

     (32,304     —          —          (35,688     (67,992     (44     —          (44     (68,036

Utilized - noncash

     1,023        (33,724     —          (2,840     (35,541     (175     —          (175     (35,716
                                                                        

Balance, June 27, 2010

    $ 32,316       $ —         $ —         $ 10,004       $ 42,320       $ —         $ —         $ —         $ 42,320   
                                                                        

Other restructuring costs include items such as the exit costs for terminating supply contracts, lease termination costs and moving costs.

 

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Goodwill
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Goodwill
6. Goodwill

Goodwill represents the excess of acquisition cost over the fair value of the net assets purchased. Goodwill is tested for impairment, based on financial data related to the reporting unit to which it has been assigned, at least annually or whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying value may not be recoverable. The impairment test involves comparing the estimated fair value of the reporting unit associated with the goodwill to its carrying amount, including goodwill. If the carrying amount of the reporting unit exceeds its fair value goodwill must be adjusted to its implied fair value.

As a result of the Company's lower shipment volume projections and the decrease in operating performance at HDFS during 2009 due to significant write-downs of its loan portfolio and investment in retained securitization interests, the Company performed an impairment test of the goodwill balance associated with HDFS as of June 28, 2009. The results of the impairment test indicated the current fair value of HDFS had declined below its carrying value and as such the Company recorded an impairment charge of  $28.4 million which represented the Company's total goodwill balance associated with the Financial Services segment.

 

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Asset-Backed Financing
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Asset-Backed Financing
7. Asset-Backed Financing

HDFS participates in asset-backed financing through both term asset-backed securitization transactions and its asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility. In both types of asset-backed financing programs, HDFS transfers U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables to a consolidated special purpose entity (SPE) while retaining the servicing rights. Each SPE then converts those assets into cash, through the issuance of debt. These SPEs are considered VIEs under U.S. GAAP. HDFS is required to consolidate any VIEs in which it is deemed to be the primary beneficiary through having power over the significant activities of the entity and having an obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE which are potentially significant to the VIE.

 

HDFS is considered to have the power over the significant activities of its term asset-backed securitization and asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility VIEs due to its role as servicer. Servicing fees are typically not considered potentially significant variable interests in a VIE. However, HDFS retains a residual interest in the VIEs in the form of a debt security, which gives HDFS the right to receive benefits that could be potentially significant to the VIE. Therefore, the Company is the primary beneficiary and consolidates all of its VIEs within its consolidated financial statements. Servicing fees paid by VIEs to HDFS are eliminated in consolidation.

HDFS is not required, and does not currently intend, to provide any additional financial support to its VIEs. Investors and creditors only have recourse to the assets held by the VIEs.

The Company's VIEs have been aggregated on the balance sheet due to the similarity of the nature of the assets involved as well as the purpose and design of the VIEs.

Term Asset-Backed Securitization VIEs

The Company transfers U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables to SPEs which in turn issue secured notes to investors, with various maturities and interest rates, secured by future collections of the purchased U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables. Each term asset-backed securitization SPE is a separate legal entity and the U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables included in the term asset-backed securitizations are only available for payment of the secured debt and other obligations arising from the term asset-backed securitization transactions and are not available to pay other obligations or claims of the Company's creditors until the associated secured debt and other obligations are satisfied. Cash and cash equivalent balances held by the SPEs are used only to support the securitizations. There are no amortization schedules for the secured notes; however, the debt is reduced monthly as available collections on the related U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables are applied to outstanding principal. The secured notes' contractual lives have various maturities ranging from 2010 to 2017.

At June 27, 2010, the assets of the consolidated term asset-backed securitization SPEs totaled  $3.91 billion and were primarily included in restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net and restricted cash held by variable interest entities in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. At June 27, 2010, the SPEs held U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables of  $3.56 billion restricted as collateral for the payment of  $3.04 billion of obligations under the secured notes. The SPEs also held  $342.3 million of cash restricted for payment on the secured notes at June 27, 2010.

At June 28, 2009, the assets of the consolidated term asset-backed securitization SPE totaled  $644.6 million and were primarily included in other current assets and finance receivables held for investment in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. At June 28, 2009, the SPE held U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables of  $608.5 million restricted as collateral for the payment of  $486.1 million of obligations under the secured notes. The SPE also held  $33.1 million of cash restricted for payment on the secured notes at June 28, 2009.

Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Conduit Facility VIE

In December 2008, HDFS transferred U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables to an SPE which in turn issued  $500.0 million of debt to third-party bank-sponsored asset-backed commercial paper conduits. The asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility SPE funded the purchase of the U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables from HDFS primarily with cash obtained through the issuance of the debt. In April 2009, HDFS replaced its December 2008 asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility with a new revolving asset-backed commercial paper conduit agreement (2009 Conduit Loan Agreement). The assets of the SPE are restricted as collateral for the payment of the debt or other obligations arising in the transaction and are not available to pay other obligations or claims of the Company's creditors.

 

The 2009 Conduit Loan Agreement provided for a total aggregate commitment of up to  $600.0 million as of June 27, 2010 based on, among other things, the amount of eligible U.S. retail motorcycle loans held by the SPE as collateral. The terms for this debt provide for interest on the outstanding principal based on prevailing commercial paper rates, or LIBOR plus a specified margin to the extent the advance is not funded by a conduit lender through the issuance of commercial paper. The 2009 Conduit Loan Agreement also provides for an unused commitment fee based on the unused portion of the total aggregate commitment of  $600.0 million as of June 27, 2010. There is no amortization schedule; however, the debt is reduced monthly as available collections on the related finance receivables are applied to outstanding principal with the balance due at maturity. Unless earlier terminated or extended by mutual agreement of HDFS and the lenders, as of June 27, 2010, the 2009 Conduit Loan Agreement had an expiration date of July 28, 2010, at which time HDFS would have been obligated to repay any amounts outstanding in full. Please refer to Note 20 for information regarding the extension of the 2009 Conduit Loan Agreement.

At June 27, 2010, HDFS had no borrowings outstanding under the 2009 Conduit Loan Agreement. The SPE held  $38.8 million of finance receivables and  $2.4 million of cash collections restricted as collateral for the payment of fees associated with the unused portion of the total aggregate commitment of  $600.0 million. The assets of the SPE totaled  $43.2 million at June 27, 2010, and were primarily included in restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net and restricted cash held by VIEs in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

At June 28, 2009, HDFS the asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility SPE held finance receivables of  $848.1 million restricted as collateral for the payment of the  $600.5 million short-term asset-backed conduit facility debt, which was included in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. The SPE also held  $43.6 million of cash collections from the finance receivables held by the SPE restricted for payment on the outstanding debt at June 28, 2009. The assets of the SPE totaled  $916.8 million at June 28, 2009 and were primarily included in finance receivables held for investment, net and other current assets in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

 

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Off-Balance Sheet Finance Receivable Securitizations
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Off-Balance Sheet Finance Receivable Securitizations
8. Off-Balance Sheet Finance Receivable Securitizations

During 2009, the Company entered into term asset-backed securitization transactions that did not satisfy the requirements for accounting sale treatment under prior U.S. GAAP. As such, the 2009 term asset-backed securitization transactions were accounted for as secured financings and the related assets and liabilities were consolidated in the Company's consolidated financial statements.

The following disclosures apply to the Company's term asset-backed securitization activities prior to 2009, when pre-2009 term asset-backed securitization transactions utilized off-balance sheet QSPEs that qualified for accounting sale treatment under prior U.S. GAAP. As discussed in Note 2, the Company adopted new accounting guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860 as of January 1, 2010 that ultimately required the Company to consolidate these formerly off-balance sheet QSPEs.

Prior to 2009, HDFS sold U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables to securitization trusts through off-balance sheet term asset-backed securitization transactions. The securitization trust issued notes to investors, with various maturities and interest rates, secured by future collections of purchased retail loans. The proceeds from the issuance of the term asset-backed securities were utilized by the securitization trust to purchase U.S. retail motorcycle loans from HDFS.

Upon sale of the U.S. retail motorcycle loans to the securitization trust, HDFS received cash, recorded a gain or loss on the transaction and also retained an interest in excess cash flows, subordinated securities, and the right to receive cash reserve account deposits in the future, collectively referred to as "investment in retained securitization interests." The investment in retained securitization interests was included with finance receivables held for investment, net in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. In conjunction with prior year sales, the Company had investments in retained securitization interests of  $276.2 million at June 28, 2009.

The interest in excess cash flows reflected the expected cash flows arising from U.S. retail motorcycle loans sold to the securitization trust less expected servicing fees, credit losses and contracted payment obligations owed to securitization trust investors.

 

Reserve account deposits represented interest-earning cash deposits which collateralized the trust securities. The funds were not available for use by HDFS until the reserve account balances exceeded thresholds specified in the securitization agreements.

HDFS retained servicing rights on the U.S. retail motorcycle loans that it sold to the securitization trust and received annual servicing fees approximating 1% of the outstanding securitized retail loans. HDFS serviced  $2.46 billion of U.S. retail motorcycle loans securitized in off-balance sheet term asset-backed securitization transactions as of June 28, 2009. The servicing fee paid to HDFS was considered adequate compensation for the services provided and was included in financial services revenue as earned. HDFS earned  $22.2 million from contractually specified servicing fees, late fees, and ancillary fees during the first half of 2009. These fees were recorded in financial services revenue.

Gains or losses on off-balance sheet term asset-backed securitizations from the sale of U.S. retail motorcycle loans were recognized in the period in which the sale occurred. The amount of the gain or loss depended on the proceeds received and the original carrying amount of the transferred U.S. retail motorcycle loans, allocated between the assets sold and the retained interests based on their relative fair values at the date of transfer.

Activities of the securitization trust were limited to acquiring U.S. retail motorcycle loans, issuing term asset-backed securities, making payments on securities to investors and other activities permissible under prior U.S. GAAP. Securitization trusts had a limited life and generally terminated upon final distribution of amounts owed to the investors in the term asset-backed securities. Historically, the lives of securitization trusts that purchased U.S. retail motorcycle loans from HDFS approximated four years.

HDFS did not guarantee payments on the securities issued by the securitization trusts or the projected cash flows from the U.S. retail motorcycle loans purchased from HDFS. The Company's retained securitization interests, excluding servicing rights, were subordinate to the interests of securitization trust investors. Such investors had priority interests in the cash collections on the retail loans sold to the securitization trust (after payment of servicing fees) and in the cash reserve account deposits. Investors also did not have recourse to the assets of HDFS for failure of the obligors on the retail loans to pay when due.

The investment in retained securitization interests was measured in the same manner as an investment in debt securities that is classified as available-for-sale as defined by ASC Topic 320, "Investments – Debt and Equity Securities." As such, the investment in retained securitization interests was recorded at fair value and periodically reviewed for impairment. Market quotes of fair value were generally not available for retained interests; therefore, HDFS estimated fair value based on the present value of future expected cash flows using HDFS' best estimates of key assumptions for credit losses, prepayments and discount rates that, in management's judgment, reflected the assumptions marketplace participants would use. If the fair value of the investment in retained securitization interests is less than the amortized cost, an unrealized loss exists which indicates that the investment is other-than-temporarily impaired.

On March 30, 2009, the Company adopted new guidance codified within ASC Topic 320 regarding the recognition and presentation of other-than-temporary impairments. In accordance with this guidance, if management has no intent to sell the other-than-temporarily impaired investment and it is more likely than not that it will not be required to sell, only the credit loss component of the impairment is recognized in earnings, while the rest of the impairment is recognized as an unrealized loss in other comprehensive income. The credit loss component recognized in earnings is identified as the amount of cash flows not expected to be received over the remaining life of the investment as projected using assumptions for credit losses, prepayments and discounts rates as discussed below. Upon adoption, the Company recorded an increase to the opening balance of retained earnings of  $22.5 million ( $14.4 million, net of tax) and a decrease to accumulated other comprehensive income of  $22.5 million ( $14.4 million, net of tax) to reclassify the non-credit component of  $52.2 million of previously recognized impairments on its investment in retained securitization interests. The credit component of previously recognized impairments on its investment in retained securitization interests was  $29.7 million. The fair value of the investment in retained securitization interests did not change.

 

During the three months ended June 28, 2009, the Company recorded other-than-temporary impairments related to its investment in retained securitization interests. The impairments were due to higher actual and anticipated credit losses partially offset by a slowing in actual and expected prepayment speeds on certain securitization portfolios. As prescribed by the new guidance within ASC Topic 320, the Company recognized the credit component of the other-than-temporary impairment in earnings and the non-credit component in other comprehensive income as the Company did not intend to sell the investment and it was more likely than not that the Company would not be required to sell it prior to recovery of its cost basis. The components of the impairment were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended
     June 28,
2009

Total other-than-temporary impairment losses

    $ 13,668

Portion of loss reclassified from other comprehensive income

     1,366
      

Net impairment losses recognized in earnings

    $ 15,034
      

The following activity only applied to other-than-temporary impairments on investment in retained securitization interests for which a component of the impairment was recognized in earnings and a component was recognized in other comprehensive income. The total credit component of other-than-temporary impairments recognized in earnings for all investment in retained securitization interests held as of June 28, 2009 was as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended  
     June 28,
2009
 

Balance, beginning of period

    $ 29,686   

Credit component recognized in earnings during the period

     15,034   

Reductions due to sale/repurchase(1)

     (391
        

Balance, end of period

    $ 44,329   
        

 

(1) The Company exercised its 10% clean up call repurchase option for certain securitization trusts.

Prior to March 30, 2009, if an impairment existed and management deemed it to be other-than-temporary, the entire impairment was recorded in the consolidated statements of operations. During the three months ended March 29, 2009, the Company recorded an other-than-temporary impairment charge of  $17.1 million related to its investment in retained securitization interests which included both the credit and non-credit components.

The following table summarizes the amortized cost, fair value and gross unrealized gains and losses of the investment in retained securitization interests (in thousands):

 

     June 28, 2009
     Total Investment
in Retained
Securitization Interests
    Investment in Retained
Securitization Interests
Currently in a Loss Position
for less than 12 Months
    Investment in Retained
Securitization Interests
Currently in a Gain Position

Amortized cost

    $ 298,264       $ 266,441       $ 31,823

Gross unrealized gains

     649        —          649

Gross unrealized losses

     (22,686     (22,686     —  
                      

Fair value

    $ 276,227       $ 243,755       $ 32,472
                      

The unrealized loss position was primarily due to an increased discount rate in the fourth quarter of 2008 from 12% to 18%. None of the investments in retained securitization interests had been in a continuous unrealized loss position for more than 12 months.

 

The investment in retained securitization interests had no stated contractual maturity date. Historically, the investment in retained securitization interests had a life of approximately four years.

As of June 28, 2009, the following weighted-average key assumptions were used to value the investment in retained securitization interests:

 

Prepayment speed (Single Monthly Mortality)

   1.75

Weighted-average life (in years)

   2.08   

Expected cumulative net credit losses

   5.31

Residual cash flows discount rate

   17.83

Expected cumulative net credit losses were a key assumption in the valuation of the investment in retained securitization interests. As of June 28, 2009, weighted-average expected net credit losses for all active securitizations were 5.31%. The table below summarizes, as of June 28, 2009, expected weighted-average cumulative net credit losses by year of securitization, expressed as a percentage of the original balance of loans securitized for all securitizations completed during the years noted:

 

     Loans securitized in  

Expected weighted-average cumulative net credit losses (%) as of :

   2009    2008     2007     2006     2005  

June 28, 2009

   —      5.50   5.59   5.13   4.66

The sensitivity of the fair value to immediate 10% and 20% adverse changes in the weighted-average key assumptions for the investment in retained securitization interests at June 28, 2009 was as follows (dollars in thousands):

 

Carrying amount/fair value of retained interests

    $ 276,227   

Weighted-average life (in years)

     2.08   

Prepayment speed assumption (monthly rate)

     1.75

Impact on fair value of 10% adverse change

    $ (3,515

Impact on fair value of 20% adverse change

    $ (6,928

Expected cumulative net credit losses

     5.31

Impact on fair value of 10% adverse change

    $ (36,009

Impact on fair value of 20% adverse change

    $ (71,505

Residual cash flows discount rate (annual)

     17.83

Impact on fair value of 10% adverse change

    $ (6,792

Impact on fair value of 20% adverse change

    $ (13,327

These sensitivities are hypothetical and should not be considered to be predictive of future performance. Changes in fair value generally cannot be extrapolated because the relationship of change in assumption to change in fair value may not be linear. Also, in this table, the effect of a variation in a particular assumption on the fair value of the retained interest is calculated independently from any change in another assumption. In reality, changes in one factor may contribute to changes in another, which may magnify or counteract the sensitivities. Furthermore, the estimated fair values as disclosed should not be considered indicative of future earnings on these assets.

 

The following table provides information regarding certain cash flows received from and paid to all motorcycle loan securitization trusts during the six months ended June 28, 2009 (in thousands):

 

Proceeds from new securitizations

    $ —  

Servicing fees received

    $ 15,202

Other cash flows received on retained interests

    $ 32,927

10% clean-up call repurchase option

    $ 100,317

Prior to the adoption of the new accounting guidance discussed in Note 2, managed retail motorcycle loans consisted of all retail motorcycle installment loans serviced by HDFS including those held by off-balance sheet securitization trusts and those held by HDFS. As of June 28, 2009, managed retail motorcycle loans totaled  $5.92 billion, of which  $2.46 billion were securitized in off-balance sheet term asset-backed securitization transactions. The principal amount of managed retail motorcycle loans 30 days or more past due was  $262.4 million at June 28, 2009. The principal amount of securitized retail motorcycle loans 30 days or more past due was  $147.0 million at June 28, 2009. Managed loans 30 days or more past due exclude loans reclassified as repossessed inventory. Credit losses, net of recoveries, of the managed retail motorcycle loans were  $78.7 million during the first half of 2009 which included securitized retail motorcycle loan credit losses, net of recoveries, of  $47.0 million.

 

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Fair Value of Financial Instruments
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
9. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company's financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, trade receivables, finance receivables, net, trade payables, debt, foreign currency contracts and interest rate swaps (derivative instruments are discussed further in Note 11). Under U.S. GAAP, certain of these items are required to be recorded in the financial statements at fair value, while others are required to be recorded at historical cost.

The following table summarizes the fair value and carrying value of the Company's financial instruments at June 27, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     June 27, 2010    June 28, 2009
     Fair Value    Carrying Value    Fair Value    Carrying Value

Assets:

           

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 1,414,912     $ 1,414,912     $ 1,023,401     $ 1,023,401

Marketable securities

    $ 86,518     $ 86,518     $ —       $ —  

Accounts receivable, net

    $ 248,620     $ 248,620     $ 253,544     $ 253,544

Derivatives

    $ 11,459     $ 11,459     $ 18,280     $ 18,280

Finance receivables, net

    $ 6,403,639     $ 6,373,623     $ 4,881,750     $ 4,847,798

Investment in retained securitization interests

    $ —       $ —       $ 276,227     $ 276,227

Restricted cash held by variable interest entities

    $ 344,595     $ 344,595     $ 76,658     $ 76,658

Liabilities:

           

Accounts payable

    $ 833,904     $ 833,904     $ 796,222     $ 796,222

Derivatives

    $ 9,860     $ 9,860     $ 19,705     $ 19,705

Unsecured commercial paper

    $ 440,441     $ 440,441     $ 1,009,876     $ 1,009,876

Asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility

    $ —       $ —       $ 600,542     $ 600,542

Credit facilities

    $ 348,817     $ 348,817     $ 426,805     $ 426,805

Medium-term notes

    $ 2,118,054     $ 2,100,469     $ 1,390,809     $ 1,605,982

Senior unsecured notes

    $ 801,362     $ 600,000     $ 790,933     $ 600,000

Finance receivable securitization debt

    $ 3,112,328     $ 3,044,627     $ 498,002     $ 486,092

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash, Accounts Receivable, Net and Accounts Payable – With the exception of certain money-market investments, these items are recorded in the financial statements at historical cost. The historical cost basis for these amounts is estimated to approximate their respective fair values due to the short maturity of these instruments.

 

Marketable Securities – Marketable securities are recorded in the financial statements at fair value. The fair value of marketable securities is based primarily on quoted market prices. Changes in fair value are recorded, net of tax, as other comprehensive income and included as a component of shareholders' equity.

Finance Receivables, Net – Finance receivables, net includes finance receivables held for investment, net and restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net. Retail and wholesale finance receivables are recorded in the financial statements at historical cost less an allowance for finance credit losses. The fair value of retail finance receivables is generally calculated by discounting future cash flows using an estimated discount rate that reflects current credit, interest rate and prepayment risks associated with similar types of instruments. The historical cost basis of wholesale finance receivables approximates fair value because they either are short-term or have interest rates that adjust with changes in market interest rates.

Debt – Debt is generally recorded in the financial statements at historical cost. The carrying value of debt provided under credit facilities approximates fair value since the interest rates charged under the facilities are tied directly to market rates and fluctuate as market rates change. The carrying value of unsecured commercial paper approximates fair value due to its short maturity. The carrying value of debt provided under the asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility approximates the fair value since the interest rates charged on the outstanding portion are tied directly to market rates and fluctuate as market rates change.

The fair values of the Company's medium-term notes maturing in December 2012, December 2014 and June 2018 are estimated based upon rates currently available for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities. The medium-term notes maturing in December 2010 are carried at fair value and include a fair value adjustment due to the interest rate swap agreement, designated as a fair value hedge, which effectively converts a portion of the note from a fixed to a floating rate.

The fair value of the Company's senior unsecured notes is estimated based upon rates currently available for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities.

The fair value of the debt related to finance receivable securitization transactions is estimated based on pricing currently available for transactions with similar terms and maturities.

 

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Fair Value Measurements
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Fair Value Measurements
10. Fair Value Measurements

Certain assets and liabilities are recorded at fair value in the financial statements; some of these are measured on a recurring basis while others are measured on a non-recurring basis. Assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis are those that are adjusted to fair value each time a financial statement is prepared. Assets and liabilities measured on a non-recurring basis are those that are adjusted to fair value when a significant event occurs. In determining fair value of assets and liabilities, the Company uses various valuation techniques. The availability of inputs observable in the market varies from instrument to instrument and depends on a variety of factors including the type of instrument, whether the instrument is actively traded, and other characteristics particular to the transaction. For many financial instruments, pricing inputs are readily observable in the market, the valuation methodology used is widely accepted by market participants, and the valuation does not require significant management discretion. For other financial instruments, pricing inputs are less observable in the market and may require management judgment.

The Company assesses the inputs used to measure fair value using a three-tier hierarchy. The hierarchy indicates the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market. Level 1 inputs include quoted prices for identical instruments and are the most observable. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and observable inputs such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, commodity rates and yield curves. Level 3 inputs are not observable in the market and include management's judgments about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. The use of observable and unobservable inputs is reflected in the hierarchy assessment disclosed in the following tables.

 

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following tables present information about the Company's assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of June 27, 2010 and June 28, 2009 (in thousands):

 

     Balance as of
June 27, 2010
   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

    $ 913,272     $ 913,272     $ —       $ —  

Marketable securities

     86,518      —        86,518      —  

Derivatives

     11,459      —        11,459      —  
                           
    $ 1,011,249     $ 913,272     $ 97,977     $ —  
                           

Liabilities:

           

Derivatives

    $ 9,860     $ —       $ 9,860     $ —  
                           
     Balance as of
June 28, 2009
   Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
   Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

    $ 799,846     $ 799,846     $ —       $ —  

Derivatives

     18,280      —        18,280      —  

Investment in retained securitization interests

     276,227      —        —        276,227
                           
    $ 1,094,353     $ 799,846     $ 18,280     $ 276,227
                           

Liabilities:

           

Derivatives

    $ 19,705     $ —       $ 19,705     $ —  
                           

The investment in retained securitization interests was valued using discounted cash flow methodologies incorporating assumptions that, in management's judgment, reflect assumptions marketplace participants would use at June 28, 2009. The following table presents additional information about the investment in retained securitization interests which was measured at fair value on a recurring basis using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended
June  28,

2009
    Six months ended
June  28,

2009
 

Balance, beginning of period

    $ 315,543       $ 330,674   

Realized losses included in financial services income(a)

     (7,676     (11,812

Unrealized gains included in other comprehensive income(b)

     1,265        4,623   

Sales, repurchases and settlements, net

     (32,905     (47,258
                

Balance, end of period

    $ 276,227       $ 276,227   
                

 

(a) As discussed in Note 7, realized (losses)/gains included in financial services income includes an other-than-temporary impairment charge of  $15.0 million and  $32.2 million for the three and six months ended June 28, 2009, respectively.
(b) During the three and six months ended June 28, 2009,  $1.4 million of net unrealized losses were reclassified out of accumulated other comprehensive income into financial services income.

 

As discussed in Note 2, upon adoption of the new guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860, the Company derecognized its investment in retained securitization interests on January 1, 2010. The carrying value of the investment in retained securitization interests that was derecognized on that date was  $245.4 million.

Non-Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following table presents information about the Company's assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis as of June 27, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     Balance as of
June 27, 2010
   Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
   Total
Losses

Net assets of discontinued operations

    $ 23,625     $ 23,625     $ 111,759
                    

At June 27, 2010, the net assets of MV, which are held for sale and presented as discontinued operations, were carried at the lower of cost or fair value (less estimated selling costs) using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3). During the first half of 2010, the Company recorded an impairment charge of  $111.8 million which represented the excess of net book value of the held-for-sale assets over the expected fair value less selling costs. The impairment charge is included in loss from discontinued operations and consisted of  $32.3 million accounts receivable valuation allowance;  $25.2 million inventory valuation allowance;  $26.9 million fixed asset impairment;  $15.8 million intangible asset impairment;  $2.6 million other asset valuation allowance; and  $9.0 million of currency translation adjustment. In determining the fair value of MV, the Company considered information gained through its efforts to sell MV.

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Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
11. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

The Company is exposed to certain risks relating to its ongoing business operations. The primary risks are foreign currency exchange rate risk, interest rate risk and commodity price risk. To reduce such risks, the Company selectively uses derivative financial instruments. All derivative transactions are authorized and executed pursuant to regularly reviewed policies and procedures, which prohibit the use of financial instruments for speculative trading purposes.

All derivative instruments are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value (see Note 9). In accordance with ASC Topic 815, "Derivatives and Hedging," the accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and, further, on the type of hedging relationship. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that are designated as fair value hedges, along with the gain or loss on the hedged item, are recorded in current period earnings. For derivative instruments that are designated as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of gains and losses that result from changes in the fair value of derivative instruments is initially recorded in other comprehensive income (OCI) and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the hedged item affects income. The Company assesses, at both the inception of each hedge and on an on-going basis, whether the derivatives that are used in its hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of the hedged items. Any ineffective portion is immediately recognized in earnings. No component of a hedging derivative instrument's gain or loss is excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. Derivative instruments which do not qualify for hedge accounting are recorded at fair value and any changes in fair value are recorded in current period earnings.

The Company sells its products internationally and in most markets those sales are made in the foreign country's local currency. As a result, the Company's earnings can be affected by fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currency. The Company's most significant foreign currency risk relates to the Euro and the Australian dollar. The Company utilizes foreign currency contracts to mitigate the effect of the Euro and the Australian dollar fluctuations on earnings. The foreign currency contracts are entered into with banks and allow the Company to exchange a specified amount of foreign currency for U.S. dollars at a future date, based on a fixed exchange rate.

 

The Company utilizes natural gas contracts to hedge portions of the cost of natural gas consumed in the Company's motorcycle production operations.

The Company's earnings are affected by changes in interest rates. HDFS utilizes interest rate swaps to reduce the impact of fluctuations in interest rates on its unsecured commercial paper by converting a portion from a floating rate basis to a fixed rate basis. Similarly, HDFS utilizes interest rate swaps with its medium-term notes; however, the impact is to convert from a fixed rate basis to a floating rate basis. HDFS also entered into derivative contracts to facilitate its first quarter 2008 term asset-backed securitization transaction as well as its third quarter 2007 term asset-backed securitization transaction. These derivatives, which hedge assets held by VIEs, do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment. Additionally, to facilitate asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility agreements that the Company entered into in December 2008 and April 2009, HDFS entered into derivative contracts, certain of which do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment.

The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company's derivative financial instruments (in thousands):

 

    June 27, 2010   June 28, 2009

Derivatives Designated As Hedging Instruments Under ASC Topic 815

  Notional
Value
  Asset
Fair  Value(1)
  Liability
Fair  Value(2)
  Notional
Value
  Asset
Fair  Value(1)
  Liability
Fair  Value(2)

Foreign currency contracts(3)

   $ 74,033    $ 6,912    $ —      $ 294,831    $ —      $ 7,918

Natural gas contracts(3)

    2,209     —       138     3,162     —       402

Interest rate swaps - unsecured commercial paper(3)

    155,000     —       9,656     203,700     —       11,385

Interest rate swaps - medium-term notes(4)

    150,000     2,918     —       150,000     8,027     —  
                                   

Total

   $ 381,242    $ 9,830    $ 9,794    $ 651,693    $ 8,027    $ 19,705
                                   
    June 27, 2010   June 28, 2009

Derivatives Not Designated As Hedging Instruments Under ASC Topic 815

  Notional
Value
  Asset
Fair  Value(1)
  Liability
Fair Value(2)
  Notional
Value
  Asset
Fair  Value(1)
  Liability
Fair Value(2)

Derivatives - securitization transactions

   $ 135,836    $ —      $ 66    $ 530,161    $ 716    $ —  

Derivatives - conduit facility

    513,955     1,629     —       631,251     9,537     —  
                                   
   $ 649,791    $ 1,629    $ 66    $ 1,161,412    $ 10,253    $ —  
                                   

 

(1) Included in other current assets
(2) Included in accrued liabilities
(3) Derivative designated as a cash flow hedge
(4) Derivative designated as a fair value hedge

 

The following table summarizes the amount of gains and losses related to derivative financial instruments designated as cash flow hedges (in thousands):

 

     Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in OCI
 
     Three months ended     Six months ended  

Cash Flow Hedges

   June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
 

Foreign currency contracts

    $ 4,470       $ (17,715    $ 13,871       $ 8,717   

Natural gas contracts

     255        (222     (649     (980

Interest rate swaps - unsecured commercial paper

     (1,681     1,751        (3,481     1,071   

Interest rate swaps - conduit facility

     —          (711     —          (1,447
                                

Total

    $ 3,044       $ (16,897    $ 9,741       $ 7,361   
                                

 

     Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Reclassified from AOCI into Income
 
     Three months ended     Six months ended     Expected to be  Reclassified
Over the Next Twelve Months
 

Cash Flow Hedges

   June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
   

Foreign currency contracts(1)

    $ 3,320       $ 6,654       $ 3,681       $ 27,870       $ 5,505   

Natural gas contracts(1)

     (352     (955     (460     (1,912     (138

Interest rate swaps - unsecured commercial paper(2)

     (1,558     (2,212     (3,344     (4,540     (5,510

Interest rate swaps - conduit facility(2)

     —          (4,825     —          (6,452     —     
                                        

Total

    $ 1,410       $ (1,338    $ (123    $ 14,966       $ (143
                                        

 

(1) Gain/(loss) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) to income is included in cost of goods sold
(2) Gain/(loss) reclassified from AOCI to income is included in HDFS interest expense, a component of Financial Services expense

For the three and six months ended June 27, 2010 and June 28, 2009, the cash flow hedges were highly effective and, as a result, the amount of hedge ineffectiveness was not material. No amounts were excluded from effectiveness testing.

The following table summarizes the amount of gains and losses related to derivative financial instruments designated as fair value hedges (in thousands):

 

     Amount of Loss
Recognized in Income on Derivative
 
     Three months ended     Six months ended  

Fair Value Hedges

   June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
 

Interest rate swaps - medium-term notes(1)

    $ (1,798    $ (924    $ (3,154    $ (1,671
     Amount of Gain
Recognized in Income on Hedged Debt
 
     Three months ended     Six months ended  

Fair Value Hedges

   June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
 

Interest rate swaps - medium-term notes(1)

    $ 1,798       $ 924       $ 3,154       $ 1,671   

 

(1) Gain/(loss) recognized in income is included in HDFS interest expense, a component of Financial Services expense

 

The following table summarizes the amount of gains and losses related to derivative financial instruments not designated as hedging instruments (in thousands):

 

     Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in Income on Derivative
     Three months ended    Six months ended

Derivatives not Designated as Hedges

   June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
   June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009

Derivatives - securitization transactions(1)

    $ 2       $ 205     $ (7    $ 404

Derivatives - conduit facility(1)

     (2,210     513      (5,574     233
                             
    $ (2,208    $ 718     $ (5,581    $ 637
                             

 

(1) Gain/(loss) recognized in income is included in HDFS other income, a component of Financial Services revenue

The Company is exposed to credit loss risk in the event of non-performance by counterparties to these derivative financial instruments. Although no assurances can be given, the Company does not expect any of the counterparties to these derivative financial instruments to fail to meet its obligations. To manage credit loss risk, the Company selects counterparties based on credit ratings and, on a quarterly basis, evaluates each hedge's net position relative to the counterparty's ability to cover its position.

 

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Comprehensive Income
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Comprehensive Income
12. Comprehensive Income

The following tables set forth the reconciliation of net income to comprehensive income (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended  
     June 27, 2010     June 28, 2009  

Net income

      $ 71,157         $ 19,750   

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustment

       (21,413       28,915   

Investment in retained securitization interest:

        

Unrealized net losses arising during the period

   —          (65  

Less: net losses reclassified into net income

   —          —        (876     811   
                

Derivative financial instruments:

        

Unrealized net gains (losses) arising during period

   1,907        (9,469  

Less: net gains (losses) reclassified into net income

   861        1,046      (794     (8,675
                

Marketable securities

        

Unrealized losses on marketable securities

   (26     (26   —          —     
                

Pension and postretirement benefit plans:

        

Amortization of actuarial loss

   4,970        2,534     

Amortization of net prior service cost

   317        5,287      693        3,227   
                            
      $ 56,051         $ 44,028   
                    

 

     Six months ended  
     June 27, 2010     June 28, 2009  

Net income

      $ 104,482         $ 137,097   

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustment

       (30,231       9,566   

Investment in retained securitization interest:

        

Unrealized net gains arising during the period

   —          2,105     

Less: net losses reclassified into net income

   —          —        (876     2,981   
                

Derivative financial instruments:

        

Unrealized net gains arising during period

   6,070        5,711     

Less: net gains reclassified into net income

   (124     6,194      9,227        (3,516
                

Marketable securities

        

Unrealized losses on marketable securities

   (510     (510   —          —     
                

Pension and postretirement benefit plans:

        

Amortization of actuarial loss

   9,939        5,334     

Amortization of net prior service cost

   634        1,432     

Pension and postretirement plan funded status adjustment

   —          4,147     

Less: actuarial loss reclassified into net income due to settlement

   (1,625     (232  

Less: actuarial loss reclassified into net income due to curtailment

   —          (8,352  

Less: prior service credit (cost) reclassified into net income due to curtailment gain (loss)

   644        11,554      (2,839     22,336   
                            
      $ 91,489         $ 168,464   
                    

 

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Income Taxes
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Income Taxes
13. Income Taxes

During the first quarter of 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was signed into law. As a result of this Act, reimbursements the Company receives under Medicare Part D coverage for providing retiree prescription drug benefits would no longer be tax free beginning in 2011. At the beginning of second quarter of 2010, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 delayed the impact of this change to 2013. On April 14, 2010, the SEC staff announced that the Office of the Chief Accountant would not object to a view that the two Acts should be considered together for accounting purposes. The Company accounted for both Acts in the first quarter of 2010 and recorded income tax expense of  $13.3 million associated with this change which affected the Company's first quarter 2010 income tax rate.

The Company's second quarter 2010 income tax rate was affected by the favorable conclusion of an Internal Revenue Service audit during the second quarter of 2010 and, in connection with the audit settlement, an adjustment to income taxes payable.

During the first quarter of 2009, an unanticipated change in Wisconsin tax law resulted in the Company establishing a valuation allowance of  $22.5 million related to net operating loss carryforwards with a corresponding charge to income tax expense.

During the second quarter of 2009, the Company incurred a  $28.4 million non-deductible goodwill impairment.

 

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Product Warranty and Safety Recall Campaigns
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Product Warranty and Safety Recall Campaigns
14. Product Warranty and Safety Recall Campaigns

The Company currently provides a standard two-year limited warranty on all new motorcycles sold worldwide, except for Japan, where the Company currently provides a standard three-year limited warranty on all new motorcycles sold. The warranty coverage for the retail customer includes parts and labor and generally begins when the motorcycle is sold to a retail customer. The Company maintains reserves for future warranty claims using an estimated cost per unit sold, which is based primarily on historical Company claim information. Additionally, the Company has from time to time initiated certain voluntary safety recall campaigns. The Company reserves for all estimated costs associated with safety recalls in the period that the safety recalls are announced.

 

Changes in the Company's warranty and safety recall liability were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended     Six months ended  
     June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
 

Balance, beginning of period

    $ 70,204       $ 64,807       $ 68,044       $ 64,543   

Warranties issued during the period

     7,454        11,123        17,357        23,811   

Settlements made during the period

     (14,808     (16,813     (28,073     (32,937

Recalls and changes to pre-existing warranty liabilities

     (281     1,818        5,241        5,518   
                                

Balance, end of period

    $ 62,569       $ 60,935       $ 62,569       $ 60,935   
                                

The liability for safety recall campaigns was  $2.7 million and  $3.0 million as of June 27, 2010 and June 28, 2009, respectively.

 

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Earnings Per Share
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Earnings Per Share
15. Earnings Per Share

The Company has a share-based compensation plan under which employees may be granted share-based awards including shares of restricted stock and restricted stock units (RSUs). Non-forfeitable dividends are paid on unvested shares of restricted stock and non-forfeitable dividend equivalents are paid on unvested RSUs. As such, shares of restricted stock and RSUs are considered participating securities under the two-class method of calculating earnings per share as described in ASC Topic 260, "Earnings per Share." The two-class method of calculating earnings per share did not have a material impact on the Company's earnings per share calculation as of June 27, 2010 and June 28, 2009.

The following table sets forth the computation for basic and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

     Three months ended    Six months ended
     June 27,
2010
   June 28,
2009
   June 27,
2010
   June 28,
2009

Numerator:

           

Income from continuing operations used in computing basic and diluted earnings per share

    $ 139,287     $ 33,377     $ 208,028     $ 161,430
                           

Denominator:

           

Denominator for basic earnings per share-weighted-average common shares

     233,314      232,616      233,094      232,442

Effect of dilutive securities - employee stock compensation plan

     1,539      904      1,399      646
                           

Denominator for diluted earnings per share-adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding

     234,853      233,520      234,493      233,088
                           

Earnings per common share from continuing operations:

           

Basic

    $ 0.60     $ 0.14     $ 0.89     $ 0.69

Diluted

    $ 0.59     $ 0.14     $ 0.89     $ 0.69

Outstanding options to purchase 4.2 million and 5.1 million shares of common stock for the three months ended June 27, 2010 and June 28, 2009, respectively, and 4.3 million and 5.5 million shares of common stock for the six months ended June 27, 2010 and June 28, 2009, respectively, were not included in the Company's computation of dilutive securities because the exercise price was greater than the market price and therefore the effect would have been anti-dilutive.

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Employee Benefit Plans
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Employee Benefit Plans
16. Employee Benefit Plans

The Company has several defined benefit pension plans and several postretirement healthcare benefit plans, which cover substantially all employees of the Motorcycles segment. The Company also has unfunded supplemental employee retirement plan agreements (SERPA) with certain employees which were instituted to replace benefits lost under the Tax Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993. Components of net periodic benefit costs were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended     Six months ended  
     June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
    June 28,
2009
 

Pension and SERPA Benefits

        

Service cost

    $ 10,393       $ 12,894       $ 20,786       $ 24,918   

Interest cost

     19,457        20,526        38,914        39,155   

Expected return on plan assets

     (24,344     (24,103     (48,688     (45,855

Amortization of unrecognized:

        

Prior service cost

     1,133        1,576        2,266        3,041   

Net loss

     5,642        3,064        11,284        6,091   

Curtailment loss

     —          —          —          4,164   

Settlement loss

     —          —          2,582        370   
                                

Net periodic benefit cost

    $ 12,281       $ 13,957       $ 27,144       $ 31,884   
                                

Postretirement Healthcare Benefits

        

Service cost

    $ 2,517       $ 2,945       $ 5,034       $ 5,946   

Interest cost

     5,297        5,845        10,594        11,572   

Expected return on plan assets

     (2,445     (2,858     (4,890     (5,652

Amortization of unrecognized:

        

Prior service credit

     (629     (297     (1,258     (584

Net loss

     2,251        1,424        4,502        2,866   

Curtailment (gain) loss

     —          —          (1,023     369   
                                

Net periodic benefit cost

    $ 6,991       $ 7,059       $ 12,959       $ 14,517   
                                

As disclosed in Note 5, the Company recorded restructuring expense of  $78.4 million related to its Motorcycles segment during the first half of 2010. The restructuring action resulted in a postretirement healthcare plan curtailment gain of  $1.0 million, which is included in the  $78.4 million restructuring expense, and a decrease to equity of  $1.0 million, or  $0.6 million net of tax, which is included in accumulated other comprehensive income, during the first half of 2010. During the first half of 2009, the Company recorded restructuring expense of  $50.0 million, which included a pension and postretirement healthcare plan curtailment loss of  $4.5 million, and an increase to equity of  $13.3 million.

During the first half of 2010, the Company incurred a  $2.6 million settlement loss related to its SERPA plans compared to a settlement loss of  $0.4 million during the first half of 2009. The settlement losses were the result of benefit payments made to former executives who departed from the Company during 2009.

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Business Segments
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Business Segments
17. Business Segments

The Company operates in two business segments: Motorcycles and Financial Services. The Company's reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately based on the fundamental differences in their operations. Selected segment information is set forth below (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended     Six months ended  
     June 27,
2010
   June 28,
2009
    June 27,
2010
   June 28,
2009
 

Motorcycles net revenue

    $ 1,135,101     $ 1,135,734       $ 2,172,436     $ 2,414,166   

Gross profit

     396,984      387,195        776,531      861,241   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     208,952      197,871        414,156      406,042   

Restructuring expense

     30,125      15,131        78,361      49,993   
                              

Operating income from Motorcycles

     157,907      174,193        284,014      405,206   

Financial services income

     173,705      123,967        343,542      228,634   

Financial services expense

     112,860      186,086        256,015      279,548   

Goodwill impairment

     —        28,387        —        28,387   
                              

Operating income (loss) from Financial Services

     60,845      (90,506     87,527      (79,301
                              

Operating income

    $ 218,752     $ 83,687       $ 371,541     $ 325,905   
                              

As discussed in Note 2, Financial Services operating income for the three and six months ended June 27, 2010 includes the effects of consolidating formerly unconsolidated QSPEs.

As discussed in Note 3, Financial Services operating income for the three and six months ended June 28, 2009 includes a  $72.7 million charge related to increased provision for credit losses resulting from the one-time reclassification of finance receivables held for sale to finance receivables held for investment.

As discussed in Note 8, operating income from Financial Services for the three and six months ended June 28, 2009 includes an other-than-temporary impairment charge of  $15.0 million and  $32.2 million, respectively, related to the investment in retained securitization interests.

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Commitment and Contingencies
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Commitment and Contingencies
18. Commitment and Contingencies

The Company is subject to lawsuits and other claims related to environmental, product and other matters. In determining required reserves related to these items, the Company carefully analyzes cases and considers the likelihood of adverse judgments or outcomes, as well as the potential range of possible loss. The required reserves are monitored on an ongoing basis and are updated based on new developments or new information in each matter.

Environmental Protection Agency Notice

The Company has received formal, written requests for information from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding: (i) certificates of conformity for motorcycle emissions and related designations and labels, (ii) aftermarket parts, and (iii) warranty claims on emissions related components. The Company has submitted written responses to the EPA's inquiry and has engaged in discussions with the EPA. It is possible that a result of the EPA's investigation will be some form of enforcement action by the EPA that will seek a fine or other relief. However, at this time the Company does not know and cannot reasonably estimate the impact of any remedies the EPA might seek.

 

Shareholder Lawsuits:

In re Harley-Davidson, Inc. Securities Litigation was a consolidated shareholder securities class action lawsuit filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin. On October 2, 2006, the Lead Plaintiffs filed a Consolidated Class Action Complaint, which named the Company and certain former Company officers as defendants, that alleged securities law violations and sought unspecified damages relating generally to the Company's April 13, 2005 announcement that it was reducing short-term production growth and planned increases of motorcycle shipments. In 2006, the defendants filed a motion to dismiss the Consolidated Complaint. On October 8, 2009, the judge granted defendants' motion to dismiss, and the clerk of court entered judgment dismissing the consolidated lawsuit. No appeal was taken from the final judgment and the dismissal of the case became final. Subsequently, on March 18, 2010, a group of individuals who appear to be inmates in a federal correctional institution filed a motion to intervene which was immediately dismissed by the District Court because judgment had already been entered. On April 5, 2010, two of the individuals filed notices of appeal of the dismissal. On May 27, 2010, the Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit dismissed the appeals for failure to pay the required docketing fees. The dismissal of the action again became final.

In 2005, three shareholder derivative lawsuits were filed in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin (one of which was later voluntarily dismissed), and two shareholder derivative lawsuits were filed in Milwaukee County Circuit Court on July 22, 2005 and November 16, 2005, against some or all of the following current or former directors and officers of the Company: Jeffrey L. Bleustein, James L. Ziemer, James M. Brostowitz, Barry K. Allen, Richard I. Beattie, George H. Conrades, Judson C. Green, Donald A. James, Sara L. Levinson, George L. Miles, Jr., James A. Norling, James A. McCaslin, Donna F. Zarcone, Jon R. Flickinger, Gail A. Lione, Ronald M. Hutchinson, W. Kenneth Sutton, Jr. and John A. Hevey. The lawsuits also name the Company as a nominal defendant. In general, the shareholder derivative complaints include factual allegations similar to those in the class action complaints and allege that officers and directors breached their fiduciary duties to the Company. In 2006, the state court consolidated the two state court derivative actions and appointed Lead Plaintiffs and Lead Plaintiffs' counsel, and the state court ordered that the consolidated state court derivative action be stayed until after motions to dismiss the federal securities class action were decided.

On November 24, 2009, both federal court derivative plaintiffs moved to voluntarily dismiss their lawsuits and all claims without prejudice. On November 30, 2009, the federal court entered orders granting the motions and dismissing the federal court derivative lawsuits without prejudice, and those cases are now closed. Lead plaintiffs in the consolidated state court derivative action filed an amended complaint on February 22, 2010 and defendants moved to dismiss the amended complaint in its entirety on April 26, 2010. Further briefing and a hearing on the motion to dismiss are pending.

The Company believes the allegations in the state court derivative lawsuit are without merit and it intends to vigorously defend against the suit. The Company is unable to predict the scope or outcome or quantify their eventual impact, if any, on the Company. At this time, the Company is also unable to estimate associated expenses or possible losses. The Company maintains insurance that may limit its financial exposure for defense costs and liability for an unfavorable outcome, should it not prevail, for claims covered by the insurance coverage.

York Environmental Matters:

The Company is involved with government agencies and groups of potentially responsible parties in various environmental matters, including a matter involving the cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination at its York, Pennsylvania facility. The York facility was formerly used by the U.S. Navy and AMF prior to the purchase of the York facility by the Company from AMF in 1981. Although the Company is not certain as to the full extent of the environmental contamination at the York facility, it has been working with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) since 1986 in undertaking environmental investigation and remediation activities, including an ongoing site-wide remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS). In January 1995, the Company entered into a settlement agreement (the Agreement) with the Navy. The Agreement calls for the Navy and the Company to contribute amounts into a trust equal to 53% and 47%, respectively, of future costs associated with environmental investigation and remediation activities at the York facility (Response Costs). The trust administers the payment of the Response Costs incurred at the York facility as covered by the Agreement.

 

In February 2002, the Company was advised by the EPA that it considers some of the Company's remediation activities at the York facility to be subject to the EPA's corrective action program under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and offered the Company the option of addressing corrective action under a RCRA facility lead agreement. In July 2005, the York facility was designated as the first site in Pennsylvania to be addressed under the "One Cleanup Program." The program provides a more streamlined and efficient oversight of voluntary remediation by both PADEP and EPA and will be carried out consistent with the Agreement with the Navy. As a result, the RCRA facility lead agreement has been superseded.

Although the RI/FS is still underway and substantial uncertainty exists concerning the nature and scope of the additional environmental investigation and remediation that will ultimately be required at the York facility, the Company estimates that its share of the future Response Costs at the York facility will be approximately  $5.9 million. The Company has established reserves for this amount, which are included in accrued liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets.

The estimate of the Company's future Response Costs that will be incurred at the York facility is based on reports of independent environmental consultants retained by the Company, the actual costs incurred to date and the estimated costs to complete the necessary investigation and remediation activities. Response Costs related to the remediation of soil are expected to be incurred over a period of several years ending in 2015. Response Costs related to ground water remediation may continue for some time beyond 2015.

Product Liability Matters:

Additionally, the Company is involved in product liability suits related to the operation of its business. The Company accrues for claim exposures that are probable of occurrence and can be reasonably estimated. The Company also maintains insurance coverage for product liability exposures. The Company believes that its accruals and insurance coverage are adequate and that product liability will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

 

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Supplemental Consolidating Data
6 Months Ended
Jun. 27, 2010
Supplemental Consolidating Data
19. Supplemental Consolidating Data

The supplemental consolidating data for the periods noted is presented for informational purposes. The supplemental consolidating data may be different than segment information presented elsewhere due to the allocation of intercompany eliminations to reporting segments. All supplemental data is presented in thousands.

 

     Three months ended June 27, 2010  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
   Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue:

         

Motorcycles and related products

    $ 1,135,562       $ —       $ (461    $ 1,135,101   

Financial services

     —          174,327      (622     173,705   
                               

Total revenue

     1,135,562        174,327      (1,083     1,308,806   

Costs and expenses:

         

Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold

     738,117        —        —          738,117   

Financial services interest expense

     —          69,121      —          69,121   

Financial services provision for credit losses

     —          9,262      —          9,262   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     209,574        34,938      (1,083     243,429   

Restructuring expense

     30,125        —        —          30,125   
                               

Total costs and expenses

     977,816        113,321      (1,083     1,090,054   
                               

Operating income

     157,746        61,006      —          218,752   

Investment income

     1,551        —        —          1,551   

Interest expense

     23,591        —        —          23,591   
                               

Income before provision for income taxes

     135,706        61,006      —          196,712   

Provision for income taxes

     35,463        21,962      —          57,425   
                               

Income from continuing operations

     100,243        39,044      —          139,287   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (68,130     —        —          (68,130
                               

Net income

    $ 32,113       $ 39,044     $ —         $ 71,157   
                               
     Six months ended June 27, 2010  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
   Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue:

         

Motorcycles and related products

    $ 2,172,897       $ —       $ (461    $ 2,172,436   

Financial services

     —          343,852      (310     343,542   
                               

Total revenue

     2,172,897        343,852      (771     2,515,978   

Costs and expenses:

         

Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold

     1,395,905        —        —          1,395,905   

Financial services interest expense

     —          150,324      —          150,324   

Financial services provision for credit losses

     —          41,068      —          41,068   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     414,466        65,084      (771     478,779   

Restructuring expense

     78,361        —        —          78,361   
                               

Total costs and expenses

     1,888,732        256,476      (771     2,144,437   
                               

Operating income

     284,165        87,376      —          371,541   

Investment income

     2,427        —        —          2,427   

Interest expense

     47,046        —        —          47,046   
                               

Income before provision for income taxes

     239,546        87,376      —          326,922   

Provision for income taxes

     87,438        31,456      —          118,894   
                               

Income from continuing operations

     152,108        55,920      —          208,028   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (103,546     —        —          (103,546
                               

Net income

    $ 48,562       $ 55,920     $ —         $ 104,482   
                               

 

     Three months ended June 28, 2009  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue:

        

Motorcycles and related products

    $ 1,135,734       $ —         $ —         $ 1,135,734   

Financial services

     —          125,079        (1,112     123,967   
                                

Total revenue

     1,135,734        125,079        (1,112     1,259,701   

Costs and expenses:

        

Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold

     748,539        —          —          748,539   

Financial services interest expense

     —          79,118        —          79,118   

Financial services provision for credit losses

     —          75,475        —          75,475   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     198,983        31,493        (1,112     229,364   

Restructuring expense

     15,131        —          —          15,131   

Goodwill impairment

     —          28,387        —          28,387   
                                

Total costs and expenses

     962,653        214,473        (1,112     1,176,014   
                                

Operating income

     173,081        (89,394     —          83,687   

Investment income

     317        —          —          317   

Interest expense

     840        —          —          840   
                                

Income (loss) before provision for income taxes

     172,558        (89,394     —          83,164   

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

     71,616        (21,829     —          49,787   
                                

Income (loss) from continuing operations

     100,942        (67,565     —          33,377   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (13,627     —          —          (13,627
                                

Net income (loss)

    $ 87,315       $ (67,565    $ —         $ 19,750   
                                
     Six months ended June 28, 2009  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
    Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue:

        

Motorcycles and related products

    $ 2,414,166       $ —         $ —         $ 2,414,166   

Financial services

     —          229,271        (637     228,634   
                                

Total revenue

     2,414,166        229,271        (637     2,642,800   

Costs and expenses:

        

Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold

     1,552,925        —          —          1,552,925   

Financial services interest expense

     —          132,818        —          132,818   

Financial services provision for credit losses

     —          81,386        —          81,386   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     406,679        65,344        (637     471,386   

Restructuring expense

     49,993        —          —          49,993   

Goodwill impairment

     —          28,387        —          28,387   
                                

Total costs and expenses

     2,009,597        307,935        (637     2,316,895   
                                

Operating income (loss)

     404,569        (78,664     —          325,905   

Investment income

     2,270        —          —          2,270   

Interest expense

     10,586        —          —          10,586   
                                

Income (loss) before provision for income taxes

     396,253        (78,664     —          317,589   

Provision for (benefit from) income taxes

     173,991        (17,832     —          156,159   
                                

Income (loss) from continuing operations

     222,262        (60,832     —          161,430   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (24,333     —          —          (24,333
                                

Net income (loss)

    $ 197,929       $ (60,832    $ —         $ 137,097   
                                

 

     June 27, 2010
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
   Financial
Services Operations
   Eliminations     Consolidated

ASSETS

          

Current assets:

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 1,244,541     $ 170,371     $ —         $ 1,414,912

Marketable securities

     86,518      —        —          86,518

Accounts receivable, net

     519,272      —        (270,652     248,620

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —        1,061,598      —          1,061,598

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —        743,697      —          743,697

Inventories

     296,920      —        —          296,920

Assets of discontinued operations

     85,126      —        —          85,126

Restricted cash held by variable interest entities

     —        344,595      —          344,595

Other current assets

     206,588      97,427      —          304,015
                            

Total current assets

     2,438,965      2,417,688      (270,652     4,586,001

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —        1,717,644      —          1,717,644

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —        2,850,684      —          2,850,684

Property, plant and equipment, net

     778,849      31,255      —          810,104

Goodwill

     28,110      —        —          28,110

Other long-term assets

     269,106      29,987      (67,743     231,350
                            
    $ 3,515,030     $ 7,047,258     $ (338,395    $ 10,223,893
                            

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

          

Current liabilities:

          

Accounts payable

    $ 206,400     $ 305,971     $ (270,652    $ 241,719

Accrued liabilities

     537,256      57,732      (2,803     592,185

Liabilities of discontinued operations

     61,501      —        —          61,501

Short-term debt

     —        322,941      —          322,941

Current portion of long-term debt

     138,537      202,915      —          341,452

Current portion of long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —        817,602      —          817,602
                            

Total current liabilities

     943,694      1,707,161      (273,455     2,377,400

Long-term debt

     600,000      2,225,334      —          2,825,334

Long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —        2,227,025      —          2,227,025

Pension liability

     244,115      —        —          244,115

Postretirement healthcare benefits

     265,326      —        —          265,326

Other long-term liabilities

     135,830      11,859      —          147,689

Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)

          

Total shareholders' equity

     1,326,065      875,879      (64,940     2,137,004
                            
    $ 3,515,030     $ 7,047,258     $ (338,395    $ 10,223,893
                            

 

     December 31, 2009
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
   Financial
Services Operations
   Eliminations     Consolidated

ASSETS

          

Current assets:

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 1,141,862     $ 488,571     $ —         $ 1,630,433

Marketable securities

     39,685      —        —          39,685

Accounts receivable, net

     356,932      —        (87,561     269,371

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —        1,436,114      —          1,436,114

Inventories

     323,029      —        —          323,029

Assets of discontinued operations

     181,211      —        —          181,211

Other current assets

     191,748      270,358      —          462,106
                            

Total current assets

     2,234,467      2,195,043      (87,561     4,341,949

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —        3,621,048      —          3,621,048

Property, plant and equipment, net

     872,336      34,570      —          906,906

Goodwill

     31,400      —        —          31,400

Other long-term assets

     293,681      26,932      (66,398     254,215
                            
    $ 3,431,884     $ 5,877,593     $ (153,959    $ 9,155,518
                            

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

          

Current liabilities:

          

Accounts payable

    $ 141,097     $ 108,979     $ (87,561    $ 162,515

Accrued liabilities

     447,021      69,644      (2,581     514,084

Liabilities of discontinued operations

     69,535      —        —          69,535

Short-term debt

     —        189,999      —          189,999

Current portion of long-term debt

     204,959      1,127,132      —          1,332,091
                            

Total current liabilities

     862,612      1,495,754      (90,142     2,268,224

Long-term debt

     600,000      3,514,039      —          4,114,039

Pension liability

     245,332      —        —          245,332

Postretirement healthcare benefits

     264,472      —        —          264,472

Other long-term liabilities

     143,905      11,428      —          155,333

Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)

          

Total shareholders' equity

     1,315,563      856,372      (63,817     2,108,118
                            
    $ 3,431,884     $ 5,877,593     $ (153,959    $ 9,155,518
                            

 

     June 28, 2009
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
   Financial
Services Operations
   Eliminations     Consolidated

ASSETS

          

Current assets:

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 599,283     $ 424,118     $ —         $ 1,023,401

Accounts receivable, net

     527,311      —        (273,767     253,544

Note receivable from HDFS

     600,000      —        (600,000     —  

Finance receivables held for sale

     —        —        —          —  

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —        1,651,700      —          1,651,700

Inventories

     403,524      —        —          403,524

Assets of discontinued operations

     243,925      —        —          243,925

Other current assets

     147,661      198,638      —          346,299
                            

Total current assets

     2,521,704      2,274,456      (873,767     3,922,393

Finance receivables held for sale

     —        —        —          —  

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —        3,472,325      —          3,472,325

Property, plant and equipment, net

     945,206      37,844      —          983,050

Goodwill

     31,439      453      —          31,892

Other long-term assets

     423,192      25,309      (93,475     355,026
                            
    $ 3,921,541     $ 5,810,387     $ (967,242    $ 8,764,686
                            

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

          

Current liabilities:

          

Accounts payable

    $ 231,691     $ 315,065     $ (273,767    $ 272,989

Accrued liabilities

     453,616      71,851      (2,234     523,233

Liabilities of discontinued operations

     72,349      —        —          72,349

Short-term debt

     —        1,690,910      —          1,690,910
                            

Total current liabilities

     757,656      2,077,826      (276,001     2,559,481

Long-term debt

     782,751      2,255,636      —          3,038,387

Note payable to HDMC

     —        600,000      (600,000     —  

Pension liability

     491,021      —        —          491,021

Postretirement healthcare benefits

     263,712      —        —          263,712

Other long-term liabilities

     146,028      13,274      —          159,302

Commitments and contingencies (Note 18)

          

Total shareholders' equity

     1,480,373      863,651      (91,241     2,252,783
                            
    $ 3,921,541     $ 5,810,387     $ (967,242    $ 8,764,686
                            

 

     Six months ended June 27, 2010  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
    Eliminations &
Adjustments
    Consolidated  

Cash flows from operating activities:

        

Net income

    $ 48,562       $ 55,920       $ —         $ 104,482   

Loss from discontinued operations

     (103,546     —          —          (103,546
                                

Income from continuing operations

     152,108        55,920        —          208,028   

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation

     133,208        3,392        —          136,600   

Provision for employee long-term benefits

     44,770        736        —          45,506   

Contributions to pension and postretirement plans

     (22,151     —          —          (22,151

Stock compensation expense

     12,811        1,124        —          13,935   

Net change in wholesale finance receivables

     —          —          100,956        100,956   

Curtailment and settlement expense

     1,558        —          —          1,558   

Provision for credit losses

     —          41,068        —          41,068   

Foreign currency adjustments

     (14,429     —          —          (14,429

Other, net

     13,599        75,109        —          88,708   

Change in current assets and current liabilities:

        

Accounts receivable

     (181,564     —          183,091        1,527   

Finance receivables - accrued interest and other

     —          7,742        —          7,742   

Inventories

     11,077        —          —          11,077   

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     174,937        142,573        (183,121     134,389   

Restructuring reserves

     (25,172     (219     —          (25,391

Derivative instruments

     (3,269     4,529        —          1,260   

Other

     (444     (3,929     —          (4,373
                                

Total adjustments

     144,931        272,125        100,926        517,982   
                                

Net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations

     297,039        328,045        100,926        726,010   
                                

Cash flows from investing activities of continuing operations:

        

Capital expenditures

     (44,891     (863     —          (45,754

Origination of finance receivables held for investment

     —          (2,797,055     1,595,243        (1,201,812

Collections of finance receivables held for investment

     —          3,060,387        (1,696,199     1,364,188   

Purchases of marketable securities

     (60,670     —          —          (60,670

Sales and redemptions of marketable securities

     13,526        —          —          13,526   
                                

Net cash (used by) provided by investing activities of continuing operations

     (92,035     262,469        (100,956     69,478   
                                

Cash flows from financing activities of continuing operations:

        

Repayments of securitization debt

     —          (1,007,271     —          (1,007,271

Net (decrease) increase in credit facilities and unsecured commercial paper

     (38,734     76,969        —          38,235   

Net change in restricted cash

     —          21,946        —          21,946   

Dividends paid

     (47,033     —          —          (47,033

Purchase of common stock for treasury

     (1,191     —          —          (1,191

Excess tax benefits from share based payments

     3,400        —          —          3,400   

Issuance of common stock under employee stock option plans

     7,184        —          —          7,184   
                                

Net cash used by financing activities of continuing operations

     (76,374     (908,356     —          (984,730

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations

     (2,844     (358     30        (3,172

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations

     125,786        (318,200     —          (192,414

Cash flows from discontinued operations:

        

Cash flows from operating activities of discontinued operations

     (22,010     —          —          (22,010

Cash flows from investing activities of discontinued operations

     —          —          —          —     

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations

     (1,856     —          —          (1,856
                                
     (23,866     —          —          (23,866