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Document and Entity Information
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Apr. 27, 2011
Document and Entity Information
Document Type 10-Q
Document Period End Date Mar 27, 2011
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2011
Document Fiscal Period Focus Q1
Amendment Flag false
Entity Registrant Name HARLEY DAVIDSON INC
Entity Central Index Key 0000793952
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes
Entity Voluntary Filers Yes
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31
Entity Filer Category Large Accelerated Filer
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer Yes
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding 236,272,140
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Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (USD  $)
In Thousands, except Per Share data
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Mar. 28, 2010
Revenue:
Motorcycles and related products  $ 1,063,044  $ 1,037,335
Financial services 161,886 169,837
Total revenue 1,224,930 1,207,172
Costs and expenses:
Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold 711,178 657,788
Financial services interest expense 58,035 81,203
Financial services provision for credit losses 5,606 31,806
Selling, administrative and engineering expense 234,115 235,350
Restructuring expense 22,999 48,236
Total costs and expenses 1,031,933 1,054,383
Operating income 192,997 152,789
Investment income 1,398 876
Interest expense 11,481 23,455
Income before provision for income taxes 182,914 130,210
Provision for income taxes 63,654 61,469
Income from continuing operations 119,260 68,741
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (35,416)
Net income (loss)  $ 119,260  $ 33,325
Earnings per common share from continuing operations:
Basic  $ 0.51  $ 0.3
Diluted  $ 0.51  $ 0.29
Loss per common share from discontinued operations:
Basic  $ (0.15)
Diluted  $ (0.15)
Earnings (loss) per common share:
Basic  $ 0.51  $ 0.14
Diluted  $ 0.51  $ 0.14
Cash dividends per common share  $ 0.1  $ 0.1
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Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (USD  $)
In Thousands
3 Months Ended 12 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Mar. 28, 2010
Dec. 31, 2010
Dec. 31, 2009
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents  $ 932,515  $ 1,442,798  $ 1,021,933  $ 1,630,433
Marketable securities 115,209 39,416 140,118
Accounts receivable, net 297,671 286,518 262,382
Finance receivables held for investment, net 1,276,780 1,252,420 1,080,432
Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net 637,760 809,779 699,026
Inventories 372,323 322,238 326,446
Assets of discontinued operations 151,175
Restricted cash held by variable interest entities 294,903 401,275 288,887
Other current assets 243,427 315,890 247,402
Total current assets 4,170,588 5,021,509 4,066,626
Finance receivables held for investment, net 1,806,563 1,274,734 1,553,781
Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net 2,304,320 3,299,070 2,684,330
Property, plant and equipment, net 799,091 847,480 815,112
Goodwill 30,988 29,818 29,590
Other long-term assets 293,592 230,292 281,301
Total Assets 9,405,142 10,702,903 9,430,740
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable 292,676 265,905 225,346
Accrued liabilities 580,083 599,820 556,671
Liabilities of discontinued operations 61,726
Short-term debt 393,393 160,837 480,472
Current portion of long-term debt 396,169
Current portion of long-term debt held by variable interest entities 721,179 898,935 751,293
Total current liabilities 1,987,331 2,383,392 2,013,782
Long-term debt 2,963,375 2,862,725 2,516,650
Long-term debt held by variable interest entities 1,603,584 2,707,748 2,003,941
Pension liability 99,627 239,445 282,085
Postretirement healthcare liability 254,505 265,117 254,762
Other long-term liabilities 156,472 157,077 152,654
Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)      
Total shareholders' equity 2,340,248 2,087,399 2,206,866
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity  $ 9,405,142  $ 10,702,903  $ 9,430,740
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Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (USD  $)
In Thousands
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Mar. 28, 2010
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows
Net cash (used by) provided by operating activities of continuing operations (Note 3)  $ (104,918)  $ 200,842
Cash flows from investing activities of continuing operations:
Capital expenditures (27,704) (14,558)
Origination of finance receivables held for investment (549,200) (455,879)
Collections on finance receivables held for investment 676,952 653,983
Purchases of marketable securities (5,000)
Sales and redemptions of marketable securities 29,974
Net cash provided by investing activities of continuing operations 125,022 183,546
Cash flows from financing activities of continuing operations:
Proceeds from issuance of medium-term notes 447,076
Repayments of securitization debt (430,471) (445,215)
Net decrease in credit facilities and unsecured commercial paper (96,174) (50,703)
Net change in restricted cash (6,016) (34,734)
Dividends (23,643) (23,488)
Purchase of common stock for treasury (4,699) (1,191)
Excess tax benefits from share-based payments 3,262 34
Issuance of common stock under employee stock option plans 3,861 1,101
Net cash used by financing activities of continuing operations (106,804) (554,196)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations (2,693) (606)
Net decrease in cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations (89,393) (170,414)
Cash flows from discontinued operations:
Cash flows from operating activities of discontinued operations (25) (13,723)
Cash flows from investing activities of discontinued operations (393)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations (635)
Net cash used by discontinued operations, total (25) (14,751)
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (89,418) (185,165)
Cash and cash equivalents:
Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period 1,021,933 1,630,433
Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations - beginning of period 6,063
Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents (89,418) (185,165)
Less: Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations - end of period (8,533)
Cash and cash equivalents - end of period  $ 932,515  $ 1,442,798
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Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates
1. Basis of Presentation and Use of Estimates

The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Harley-Davidson, Inc. and its wholly-owned subsidiaries (the Company), including the accounts of the group of companies doing business as Harley-Davidson Motor Company (HDMC) and Harley-Davidson Financial Services (HDFS). In addition, certain variable interest entities (VIEs) related to secured financing are consolidated as the Company is the primary beneficiary. All intercompany accounts and material intercompany transactions are eliminated.

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements contain all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring adjustments) necessary to present fairly the condensed consolidated balance sheets as of March 27, 2011 and March 28, 2010, the condensed consolidated statements of operations for the three month periods then ended and the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows for the three month periods then ended.

Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in complete financial statements have been condensed or omitted pursuant to the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) and U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (U.S. GAAP) for interim financial reporting. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the audited financial statements and notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2010.

The Company operates in two business segments: Motorcycles & Related Products (Motorcycles) and Financial Services (Financial Services).

The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

During 2008, the Company acquired Italian motorcycle manufacturer MV Agusta (MV). On October 15, 2009, the Company announced its intent to divest MV, and the Company completed the sale on August 6, 2010. MV is presented as a discontinued operation for all periods.

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New Accounting Standards
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
New Accounting Standards
New Accounting Standards
2. New Accounting Standards

Accounting Standards Recently Adopted

In July 2010, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2010-20, "Disclosures about the Credit Quality of Financing Receivables and the Allowance for Credit Losses." ASU No. 2010-20 amends the guidance within Accounting Standards Codification (ASC) Topic 310, "Receivables" to facilitate financial statement users' evaluation of (1) the nature of credit risk inherent in the entity's portfolio of financing receivables; (2) how that risk is analyzed and assessed in arriving at the allowance for credit losses; and (3) the changes and reasons for those changes in the allowance for credit losses. The amendments in ASU No. 2010-20 also require an entity to provide additional disclosures such as a rollforward schedule of the allowance for credit losses on a portfolio segment basis, credit quality indicators of financing receivables and the aging of past due financing receivables. The Company was required to adopt the majority of ASU No. 2010-20 as of December 31, 2010 with the remainder as of January 1, 2011; please refer to Note 6 for further discussion.

In June 2009, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 166, "Accounting for Transfers of Financial Assets, an amendment of FASB Statement No. 140." SFAS No. 166 amended the guidance within ASC Topic 860, "Transfers and Servicing," primarily by removing the concept of a qualifying special purpose entity as well as removing the exception from applying FASB Interpretation No. 46(R), "Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities." Upon the effective adoption date, formerly qualifying special purpose entities (QSPEs) as defined under prior U.S. GAAP had to be evaluated for consolidation within an entity's financial statements. Additionally, the guidance within ASC Topic 860 requires enhanced disclosures about the transfer of financial assets as well as an entity's continuing involvement, if any, in transferred financial assets. In connection with term asset-backed securitization transactions prior to 2009, HDFS utilized QSPEs as defined under prior U.S. GAAP which were not subject to consolidation in the Company's financial statements.

In June 2009, the FASB issued SFAS No. 167, "Amendments to FASB Interpretation No. 46(R)." SFAS No. 167 amended the guidance within ASC Topic 810, "Consolidations," by adding formerly off-balance sheet QSPEs to its scope (the concept of these entities was eliminated by SFAS No. 166). In addition, companies must perform an analysis to determine whether the company's variable interest or interests give it a controlling financial interest in a variable interest entity (VIE). Companies must also reassess on an ongoing basis whether they are the primary beneficiary of a VIE.

The Company was required to adopt the new guidance within ASC Topic 810 and ASC Topic 860 as of January 1, 2010. The Company determined that the formerly unconsolidated QSPEs that HDFS utilized were VIEs, of which the Company was the primary beneficiary, and consolidated them into the Company's financial statements beginning January 1, 2010; please refer to Note 7 for further information concerning the Company's consolidated VIEs.

Accounting Standards Not Yet Adopted

In April 2011, the FASB issued ASU No. 2011-02, "A Creditor's Determination of Whether a Restructuring Is a Troubled Debt Restructuring." ASU No. 2011-02 amends the guidance within ASC Topic 310, "Receivables" to clarify how creditors determine when a restructuring constitutes a troubled debt restructuring. In addition, ASU No. 2011-02 clarifies the guidance on a creditor's evaluation of whether a debtor is experiencing financial difficulties even though the debtor may not be in payment default. The Company is required to adopt ASU No. 2011-02 beginning in the third quarter of 2011 and is currently evaluating the impact of adoption.

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Additional Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Information
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Additional Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Information
Additional Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Information
3. Additional Balance Sheet and Cash Flow Information

Marketable Securities

The Company's marketable securities consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     March 27,
2011
     December 31,
2010
     March 28,
2010
 

Available-for-sale:

        

Corporate bonds

    $ 55,232        $ 50,231        $ 39,416   

U.S. Treasuries

     59,977         89,887         —     
                          
    $ 115,209        $ 140,118        $ 39,416   
                          

The Company's available-for-sale securities are carried at fair value with any unrealized gains or losses reported in other comprehensive income, and have maturities of less than one year. During the first three months of 2011 and 2010, the Company recognized gross unrealized gains of  $0.1 million and  $0.8 million, respectively, or  $0.04 million and  $0.5 million net of taxes, respectively, to adjust amortized cost to fair value.

 

Inventories

Inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market. Substantially all inventories located in the United States are valued using the last-in, first-out (LIFO) method. Other inventories are valued at the lower of cost or market using the first-in, first-out (FIFO) method. Inventories consist of the following (in thousands):

 

     March 27,
2011
    December 31,
2010
    March 28,
2010
 

Components at the lower of FIFO cost or market

      

Raw materials and work in process

    $ 99,538       $ 100,082       $ 98,420   

Motorcycle finished goods

     187,687        158,425        163,093   

Parts and accessories and general merchandise

     119,134        101,975        96,162   
                        

Inventory at lower of FIFO cost or market

     406,359        360,482        357,675   

Excess of FIFO over LIFO cost

     (34,036     (34,036     (35,437
                        
    $ 372,323       $ 326,446       $ 322,238   
                        

 

Operating Cash Flow

The reconciliation of net income to net cash (used by) provided by operating activities is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended  
     March 27,
2011
    March 28,
2010
 

Cash flows from operating activities:

    

Net income

    $ 119,260       $ 33,325   

Loss from discontinued operations

     —          (35,416
                

Income from continuing operations

     119,260        68,741   

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to net cash (used by) provided by operating activities:

    

Depreciation

     42,947        67,392   

Amortization of deferred loan origination costs

     19,329        22,519   

Amortization of financing origination fees

     3,107        9,064   

Provision for employee long-term benefits

     15,563        25,902   

Contributions to pension and postretirement plans

     (204,816     (16,137

Stock compensation expense

     9,153        6,123   

Net change in wholesale finance receivables

     (163,967     (173,994

Provision for credit losses

     5,606        31,806   

Pension and postretirement healthcare plan curtailment and settlement expense

     236        1,558   

Foreign currency adjustments

     29        (2,962

Other, net

     14,112        20,047   

Changes in current assets and liabilities:

    

Accounts receivable, net

     (27,048     (26,656

Finance receivables - accrued interest and other

     3,542        5,934   

Inventories

     (38,200     (7,158

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     98,960        176,880   

Restructuring reserves

     7,757        (2,125

Derivative instruments

     2,157        838   

Other

     (12,645     (6,930
                

Total adjustments

     (224,178     132,101   
                

Net cash (used by) provided by operating activities of continuing operations

    $ (104,918    $ 200,842   
                

 

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Discontinued Operations
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Discontinued Operations
Discontinued Operations
4. Discontinued Operations

In October 2009, the Company unveiled a new business strategy to drive growth through a focus of efforts and resources on the unique strengths of the Harley-Davidson brand and to enhance productivity and profitability through continuous improvement. The Company's Board of Directors approved and the Company committed to the divestiture of MV as part of this strategy. The Company engaged a third party investment bank to assist with the marketing and sale of MV. During 2009, the Company recorded pre-tax impairment charges of  $115.4 million related to MV. The 2009 impairment charges consisted of  $85.5 million goodwill impairment,  $19.8 million fixed asset impairment and  $10.1 million intangible assets impairment.

At each subsequent reporting date in 2010 through the date of sale, the fair value less selling costs was re-assessed and additional impairment charges totaling  $111.8 million were recognized in 2010, of which  $35.0 million was recognized in the first quarter of 2010. As the effort to sell MV progressed into 2010, adverse factors led to further decreases in the fair value of MV. During 2010, challenging economic conditions continued to persist, negatively impacting the appetite of prospective buyers and the motorcycle industry as a whole. Information coming directly from the selling process, including discussions with the prospective buyers, indicated a fair value that was less than previously estimated.

On August 6, 2010, the Company concluded its sale of MV to MV Augusta Motor Holding S.r.l., a company controlled by the former owner of MV. Under the agreement relating to the sale, (1) the Company received nominal consideration in return for the transfer of MV and related assets; (2) the parties waived their respective rights under the stock purchase agreement and other documents related to the Company's purchase of MV in 2008, which included a waiver of the former owner's right to contingent earn-out consideration; and (3) the Company contributed 20.0 million Euros to MV as operating capital. The 20.0 million Euros contributed were factored into the Company's estimate of MV's fair value prior to the sale and was recognized in the 2010 impairment charges discussed above. As a result of the impairment charges recorded prior to the sale, the Company only incurred an immaterial loss on the date of sale, which was included in the loss from discontinued operations, net of tax, during the year ended December 31, 2010.

The following table summarizes the net revenue, pre-tax loss, net loss and loss per common share from discontinued operations for the period noted (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

     Three months ended
March 28,

2010
 

Revenue

    $ 22,551   

Loss before income taxes

    $ (41,809

Net loss

    $ (35,416

Loss per common share

    $ (0.15

During the first quarter of 2010, the Company incurred a  $41.8 million pre-tax loss from discontinued operations, or  $35.4 million net of tax. Included in the first quarter 2010 operating loss was an impairment charge of  $35.0 million, or  $28.6 million net of tax, which represented the excess of net book value of the held-for-sale assets over the fair value less selling costs. The impairment charge is included in loss from discontinued operations and consisted of  $22.7 million fixed asset impairment and  $12.3 million intangible asset impairment.

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Restructuring Expense
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Restructuring Expense
Restructuring Expense
5. Restructuring Expense

2011 Restructuring Plan

In February 2011, the Company's unionized employees at its facility in Kansas City, Missouri ratified a new seven-year labor agreement which takes effect in April 2012 when the current contract expires. The new contract is similar to the labor agreements ratified at the Company's Wisconsin facilities in September 2010 and its York, Pennsylvania facility in December 2009, and allows for similar flexibility and increased production efficiency. Once the new contract is implemented, the production system in Kansas City, like Wisconsin and York, will include the addition of a flexible workforce component.

 

After taking actions to implement the new ratified labor agreement (2011 Restructuring Plan), the Company expects to have about 540 full-time hourly unionized employees in its Kansas City facility when the contract is implemented in 2012, about 145 fewer than would be required under the existing contract.

Under the 2011 Restructuring Plan, restructuring expenses consist of employee severance and termination costs and other related costs. The Company expects to incur approximately  $15 million in restructuring expenses related to the new contract through 2012, of which approximately 10% are expected to be non-cash. During the first quarter of 2011, the Company recorded a  $6.5 million restructuring charge related to the 2011 Restructuring Plan.

The following table summarizes the Company's 2011 Restructuring Plan reserve recorded in accrued liabilities as of March 27, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     Motorcycles & Related Products  
     Employee
Severance and
Termination Costs
    Other     Total  

Restructuring expense

    $ 6,382       $ 134       $ 6,516   

Utilized - cash

     —          (134     (134

Utilized - noncash

     (236     —          (236
                        

Balance March 27, 2011

    $ 6,146       $ —         $ 6,146   
                        

For the three months ended March 27, 2011, restructuring expense included  $0.2 million of noncash curtailment losses related to the Company's pension plan that covers employees of the Kansas City facility.

2010 Restructuring Plan

In September 2010, the Company's unionized employees at its facilities in Milwaukee and Tomahawk, Wisconsin ratified three separate new seven-year labor agreements which take effect in April 2012 when the current contracts expire. The new contracts are similar to the labor agreement ratified at the Company's York, Pennsylvania facility in December 2009 and allow for similar flexibility and increased production efficiency. Once the new contracts are implemented, the production system in Wisconsin, like York, will include the addition of a flexible workforce component.

After taking actions to implement the new ratified labor agreements (2010 Restructuring Plan), the Company expects to have about 700 full-time hourly unionized employees in its Milwaukee facilities when the contracts are implemented in 2012, about 250 fewer than would be required under the existing contract. In Tomahawk, the Company expects to have a full-time hourly unionized workforce of about 200 when the contract is implemented, about 75 fewer than would be required under the current contract.

Under the 2010 Restructuring Plan, restructuring expenses consist of employee severance and termination costs and other related costs. The Company expects to incur approximately  $78 million in restructuring expenses related to the new contracts through 2012, of which approximately 35% are expected to be non-cash. On a cumulative basis, the Company has incurred  $47.5 million of restructuring expense under the 2010 Restructuring Plan as of March 27, 2011, of which  $3.1 million was incurred during the first quarter of 2011

 

The following table summarizes the Company's 2010 Restructuring Plan reserve recorded in accrued liabilities as of March 27, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     Motorcycles & Related Products  
     Employee Severance and
Termination Costs
 

Balance December 31, 2010

    $ 8,652   

Restructuring expense

     3,144   

Utilized - cash

     (594
        

Balance March 27, 2011

    $ 11,202   
        

2009 Restructuring Plan

During 2009, in response to the U.S. economic recession and worldwide slowdown in consumer demand, the Company committed to a volume reduction and a combination of restructuring actions (2009 Restructuring Plan) in the Motorcycles and Financial Services segments which are expected to be completed at various dates between 2009 and 2012. The 2009 Restructuring Plan was designed to reduce administrative costs, eliminate excess capacity and exit non-core business operations. The Company's significant announced actions include the restructuring and transformation of its York, Pennsylvania production facility including the implementation of a new more flexible unionized labor agreement; consolidation of facilities related to engine and transmission production; outsourcing of certain distribution and transportation activities and exiting the Buell product line.

The 2009 Restructuring Plan included a reduction of approximately 2,700 to 2,900 hourly production positions and approximately 720 non-production, primarily salaried positions within the Motorcycles segment and approximately 100 salaried positions in the Financial Services segment.

Under the 2009 Restructuring Plan, restructuring expenses consist of employee severance and termination costs, accelerated depreciation on the long-lived assets that will be exited as part of the 2009 Restructuring Plan and other related costs. The Company expects total costs related to the 2009 Restructuring Plan to result in restructuring and impairment expenses of approximately  $417 million to  $432 million from 2009 to 2012, of which approximately 30% are expected to be non-cash. On a cumulative basis, the Company has incurred  $356.7 million of restructuring and impairment expense under the 2009 Restructuring Plan as of March 27, 2011, of which  $13.3 million was incurred during the first quarter of 2011. Approximately 2,500 employees have left the Company under the 2009 Restructuring Plan as of March 27, 2011.

 

The following table summarizes the Company's 2009 Restructuring Plan reserve recorded in accrued liabilities as of March 27, 2011 (in thousands):

 

     Motorcycles & Related Products     Financial Services        
     Employee
Severance and
Termination Costs
    Accelerated
Depreciation
    Other     Total     Employee
Severance and
Termination Costs
    Consolidated
Total
 

Balance December 31, 2009

    $ 36,070       $ —         $ 31,422       $ 67,492       $ 219       $ 67,711   

Restructuring expense

     19,677        20,790        7,769        48,236        —          48,236   

Utilized - cash

     (23,774     —          (6,123     (29,897     (44     (29,941

Utilized - noncash

     1,023        (20,790     (475     (20,242     (175     (20,417
                                                

Balance March 28, 2010

    $ 32,996       $ —         $ 32,593       $ 65,589       $ —         $ 65,589   

Restructuring expense

     11,442        27,133        32,314        70,889        —          70,889   

Utilized - cash

     (20,620     —          (55,391     (76,011     —          (76,011

Utilized - noncash

     —          (27,133     (2,931     (30,064     —          (30,064

Noncash reserve release

     —          —          (3,821     (3,821     —          (3,821
                                                

Balance December 31, 2010

    $ 23,818       $ —         $ 2,764       $ 26,582       $ —         $ 26,582   

Restructuring expense

     2,954        —          10,385        13,339        —          13,339   

Utilized - cash

     (4,028     —          (10,546     (14,574     —          (14,574

Utilized - noncash

     —          —          296        296        —          296   
                                                

Balance March 27, 2011

    $ 22,744       $ —         $ 2,899       $ 25,643       $ —         $ 25,643   
                                                

Other restructuring costs under the 2009 Restructuring Plan include items such as the exit costs for terminating supply contracts, lease termination costs and moving costs. During the fourth quarter of 2010, the Company released  $3.8 million of its 2009 Restructuring Plan reserve related to exiting the Buell product line as these costs are no longer expected to be incurred.

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Finance Receivables
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Finance Receivables
Finance Receivables
6. Finance Receivables

HDFS provides retail financial services to customers of the Company's independent dealers in the United States and Canada. The origination of retail loans is a separate and distinct transaction between HDFS and the retail customer, unrelated to the Company's sale of product to its dealers. Retail finance receivables consist of secured promissory notes and installment loans. HDFS holds either titles or liens on titles to vehicles financed by promissory notes and installment loans.

HDFS offers wholesale financing to the Company's independent dealers. Wholesale loans to dealers are generally secured by financed inventory or property and are originated in the U.S. and Canada.

Finance receivables, net, including finance receivables held by VIEs, consisted of the following (in thousands):

 

     March 27,
2011
    December 31,
2010
    March 28,
2010
 

Retail

    $ 5,225,155       $ 5,377,161       $ 5,766,920   

Wholesale

     959,952        813,997        1,061,183   
                        
     6,185,107        6,191,158        6,828,103   

Allowance for credit losses

     (159,684     (173,589     (192,100
                        
    $ 6,025,423       $ 6,017,569       $ 6,636,003   
                        

At March 27, 2011, December 31, 2010 and March 28, 2010, the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet included finance receivables of  $2.94 billion,  $3.38 billion and  $4.11 billion, respectively, which were restricted as collateral for the payment of debt held by VIEs and other related obligations as discussed in Note 7. These receivables are included in retail finance receivables in the table above.

 

A provision for credit losses on finance receivables is charged to earnings in amounts sufficient to maintain the allowance for credit losses on finance receivables at a level that is adequate to cover losses of principal inherent in the existing portfolio. The allowance for credit losses on finance receivables represents management's estimate of probable losses inherent in the finance receivable portfolio as of the balance sheet date. However, due to the use of projections and assumptions in estimating the losses, the amount of losses actually incurred by the Company could differ from the amounts estimated.

Changes in the allowance for credit losses on finance receivables by portfolio for the three months ended March 27, 2011 were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Retail     Wholesale      Total  

Balance, beginning of period

    $ 157,791       $ 15,798        $ 173,589   

Provision for finance credit losses

     3,439        2,167         5,606   

Charge-offs

     (35,191     —           (35,191

Recoveries

     15,665        15         15,680   
                         

Balance, end of period

    $ 141,704       $ 17,980        $ 159,684   
                         

Included in the  $141.7 million retail allowance for credit losses on finance receivables is  $82.3 million related to finance receivables held by VIEs.

Portions of the allowance for credit losses on finance receivables are specified to cover estimated losses on finance receivables specifically identified for impairment. The unspecified portion of the allowance for credit losses on finance receivables covers estimated losses on finance receivables which are collectively reviewed for impairment. Finance receivables are considered impaired when management determines it is probable that the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the terms of the loan agreement.

The retail portfolio primarily consists of a large number of small balance, homogeneous finance receivables. HDFS performs a periodic and systematic collective evaluation of the adequacy of the retail allowance for credit losses. HDFS utilizes loss forecast models which consider a variety of factors including, but not limited to, historical loss trends, origination or vintage analysis, known and inherent risks in the portfolio, the value of the underlying collateral, recovery rates and current economic conditions including items such as unemployment rates. As retail finance receivables are collectively and not individually reviewed for impairment, this portfolio does not have finance receivables specifically impaired.

The wholesale portfolio is primarily composed of large balance, non-homogeneous loans. The Company's evaluation for the wholesale allowance for credit losses is first based on a loan-by-loan review. A specific allowance for credit losses is established for wholesale finance receivables determined to be individually impaired when management concludes that the borrower will not be able to make full payment of the contractual amounts due based on the original terms of the loan agreements. The impairment is determined based on the cash that the Company expects to receive discounted at the loan's original interest rate or the fair value of the collateral, if the loan is collateral-dependent. In establishing the allowance for credit losses, management considers a number of factors including the specific borrower's financial performance as well as ability to repay. Finance receivables in the wholesale portfolio that are not considered impaired on an individual basis are segregated, based on similar risk characteristics, according to the Company's internal risk rating system and collectively evaluated for impairment. The related allowance for credit losses is based on factors such as the Company's past loan loss experience, current economic conditions as well as the value of the underlying collateral.

Impaired wholesale finance receivables also include loans that have been modified in troubled debt restructurings as a concession to borrowers experiencing financial difficulty. Generally, it is the Company's policy not to change the terms and conditions of finance receivables. However, to minimize the economic loss the Company may modify certain impaired finance receivables in troubled debt restructurings. Total restructured finance receivables are not significant.

 

The allowance for credit losses and finance receivables by portfolio, segregated by those amounts that are individually evaluated for impairment and those that are collectively evaluated for impairment at March 27, 2011, is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Retail      Wholesale      Total  

Allowance for credit losses, ending balance:

        

Individually evaluated for impairment

    $ —          $ 3,451        $ 3,451   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

     141,704         14,529         156,233   
                          

Total allowance for credit losses

    $ 141,704        $ 17,980        $ 159,684   
                          

Finance receivables, ending balance:

        

Individually evaluated for impairment

    $ —          $ 5,187        $ 5,187   

Collectively evaluated for impairment

     5,225,155         954,765         6,179,920   
                          

Total finance receivables

    $ 5,225,155        $ 959,952        $ 6,185,107   
                          

Additional information related to the wholesale finance receivables that are individually deemed to be impaired under ASC Topic 310, "Receivables," at March 27, 2011 includes (in thousands):

 

     Recorded
Investment
     Unpaid
Principal
Balance
     Related
Allowance
     Average
Recorded
Investment
     Interest
Income
Recognized
 

Wholesale:

              

No related allowance recorded

    $ —          $ —          $ —          $ —          $ —     

Related allowance recorded

     5,187         5,037         3,451         5,527         —     
                                            

Total impaired wholesale finance receivables

    $ 5,187        $ 5,037        $ 3,451        $ 5,527        $ —     
                                            

Retail finance receivables are contractually delinquent if the minimum payment is not received by the specified due date. Retail finance receivables are generally charged-off at 120 days contractually past due. Retail finance receivables accrue interest until either collected or charged-off. Accordingly, as of March 27, 2011, all retail finance receivables are accounted for as interest-earning receivables.

Wholesale finance receivables are delinquent if the minimum payment is not received by the contractual due date. Interest continues to accrue on past due wholesale finance receivables until the date the collection of the finance receivables becomes doubtful, at which time the finance receivable is placed on non-accrual status. The Company will resume accruing interest on these wholesale finance receivables when payments are current according to the terms of the loan agreements and future payments are reasonably assured. While on non-accrual status, all cash received is applied to principal or interest as appropriate. Wholesale finance receivables are written down once management determines that the specific borrower does not have the ability to repay the loan in full. The recorded investment of non-accrual status wholesale finance receivables at March 27, 2011 was  $5.2 million.

 

An analysis of the aging of past due finance receivables, which includes non-accrual status finance receivables, at March 27, 2011 is as follows (in thousands):

 

     Current      31-60 Days
Past Due
     61-90 Days
Past Due
     Greater than
90 Days

Past Due
     Total
Past Due
     Total
Finance
Receivables
 

Retail

    $ 5,059,870        $ 107,471        $ 32,691        $ 25,123        $ 165,285        $ 5,225,155   

Wholesale

     955,478         881         895         2,698         4,474         959,952   
                                                     

Total

    $ 6,015,348        $ 108,352        $ 33,586        $ 27,821        $ 169,759        $ 6,185,107   
                                                     

Included in the  $27.8 million of finance receivables contractually greater than 90 days past due, which includes non-accrual status finance receivables, are  $25.1 million of retail finance receivables and  $2.0 million of wholesale finance receivables that are accruing interest.

A significant part of managing HDFS' finance receivable portfolios includes the assessment of credit risk associated with each borrower. As the credit risk varies between the retail and wholesale portfolios, HDFS utilizes different credit risk indicators for each portfolio.

HDFS manages retail credit risk through its credit approval policy and ongoing collection efforts. HDFS uses FICO scores to differentiate the expected default rates of retail credit applicants enabling the Company to better evaluate credit applicants for approval and to tailor pricing according to this assessment. Retail loans with a FICO score of 640 or above at origination are considered prime, and loans with a FICO score below 640 are considered sub-prime. These credit quality indicators are determined at the time of loan origination and are not updated subsequent to the loan origination date.

The recorded investment of retail finance receivables, by credit quality indicator, at March 27, 2011 was as follows (in thousands):

 

Prime

    $ 4,185,825   

Sub-prime

     1,039,330   
        

Total

    $ 5,225,155   
        

HDFS' credit risk on the wholesale portfolio is different from that of the retail portfolio. Whereas the retail portfolio represents a relatively homogeneous pool of retail finance receivables that exhibit more consistent loss patterns, the wholesale portfolio exposures are less consistent. HDFS utilizes an internal credit risk rating system to manage credit risk exposure consistently across wholesale borrowers and capture credit risk factors for each borrower.

HDFS uses the following internal credit quality indicators, based on the Company's internal risk rating system, listed from highest level of risk to lowest level of risk for the wholesale portfolio: Doubtful, Substandard, Special Mention, Medium Risk and Low Risk. Based upon management's review, the dealers classified in the Doubtful category are the dealers with the greatest likelihood of being charged-off, while the dealers classified as Low Risk are least likely to be charged-off. The internal rating system considers factors such as the specific borrowers' ability to repay and the estimated value of any collateral. Dealer risk rating classifications are reviewed and updated on a quarterly basis.

 

The recorded investment of wholesale finance receivables, by internal credit quality indicator, at March 27, 2011 was as follows (in thousands):

 

Doubtful

    $ 20,550   

Substandard

     19,510   

Special Mention

     21,069   

Medium Risk

     16,225   

Low Risk

     882,598   
        

Total

    $ 959,952   
        

 

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Asset-Backed Financing
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Asset-Backed Financing
Asset-Backed Financing
7. Asset-Backed Financing

HDFS participates in asset-backed financing through both term asset-backed securitization transactions and its asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility. In both types of asset-backed financing programs, HDFS transfers U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables to a consolidated special purpose entity (SPE) while retaining the servicing rights. Each SPE then converts those assets into cash, through the issuance of debt. These SPEs are considered VIEs under U.S. GAAP. HDFS is required to consolidate any VIEs in which it is deemed to be the primary beneficiary through having power over the significant activities of the entity and having an obligation to absorb losses or the right to receive benefits from the VIE which are potentially significant to the VIE.

HDFS is considered to have the power over the significant activities of its term asset-backed securitization and asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility VIEs due to its role as servicer. Servicing fees are typically not considered potentially significant variable interests in a VIE. However, HDFS retains a residual interest in the VIEs in the form of a debt security, which gives HDFS the right to receive benefits that could be potentially significant to the VIE. Therefore, the Company is the primary beneficiary and consolidates all of its VIEs within its consolidated financial statements. Servicing fees paid by VIEs to HDFS are eliminated in consolidation and therefore not recorded on a consolidated basis.

HDFS is not required, and does not currently intend to provide any additional financial support to its VIEs. Investors and creditors only have recourse to the assets held by the VIEs.

The Company's VIEs have been aggregated on the balance sheet due to the similarity of the nature of the assets involved as well as the purpose and design of the VIEs.

Term Asset-Backed Securitization VIEs

The Company transfers U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables to SPEs which in turn issue secured notes to investors, with various maturities and interest rates, secured by future collections of the purchased U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables. Each term asset-backed securitization SPE is a separate legal entity and the U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables included in the term asset-backed securitizations are only available for payment of the secured debt and other obligations arising from the term asset-backed securitization transactions and are not available to pay other obligations or claims of the Company's creditors until the associated secured debt and other obligations are satisfied. Cash and cash equivalent balances held by the SPEs are used only to support the securitizations. There are no amortization schedules for the secured notes; however, the debt is reduced monthly as available collections on the related U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables are applied to outstanding principal. The secured notes' contractual lives have various maturities ranging from 2011 to 2018.

At March 27, 2011, the assets of the consolidated term asset-backed securitization SPEs totaled  $3.22 billion and were primarily included in restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net, and restricted cash held by VIEs in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. At March 27, 2011, the SPEs held U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables of  $2.92 billion restricted as collateral for the payment of  $2.32 billion of obligations under the secured notes. The SPEs also held  $293.1 million of cash restricted for payment on the secured notes at March 27, 2011.

 

At March 28, 2010, the assets of the consolidated term asset-backed securitization SPEs totaled  $4.48 billion and were primarily included in restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net, and restricted cash held by VIEs in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet. At March 28, 2010, the SPEs held U.S. retail motorcycle finance receivables of  $4.06 billion restricted as collateral for the payment of  $3.61 billion of obligations under the secured notes. The SPEs also held  $397.7 million of cash restricted for payment on the secured notes at March 28, 2010.

Asset-Backed Commercial Paper Conduit Facility VIE

On September 10, 2010, the Company amended and restated its third-party bank sponsored asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility which reduced the total aggregate commitment from  $1.20 billion to  $600.0 million based on, among other things, the amount of eligible U.S. retail motorcycle loans held by the SPE as collateral. The assets of the SPE are restricted as collateral for the payment of the debt or other obligations arising in the transaction and are not available to pay other obligations or claims of the Company's creditors. The terms for this debt provide for interest on the outstanding principal based on prevailing commercial paper rates, or LIBOR plus a specified margin to the extent the advance is not funded by a conduit lender through the issuance of commercial paper. The conduit facility also provides for an unused commitment fee based on the unused portion of the total aggregate commitment of  $600.0 million. There is no amortization schedule; however, the debt is reduced monthly as available collections on the related finance receivables are applied to outstanding principal. Upon expiration of the conduit facility, any outstanding principal will continue to be reduced monthly through available collections. Unless earlier terminated or extended by mutual agreement of HDFS and the lenders, the conduit facility has an expiration date of September 9, 2011.

At March 27, 2011, HDFS had no borrowings outstanding under the conduit facility. The SPE held  $23.1 million of finance receivables and  $1.8 million of cash collections restricted as collateral for the payment of fees associated with the unused portion of the total aggregate commitment of  $600.0 million. The assets of the SPE totaled  $25.5 million at March 27, 2011 and were primarily included in restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net, and restricted cash held by VIEs in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

At March 28, 2010, the SPE had no borrowings outstanding under the conduit facility. The SPE held  $45.6 million of finance receivables and  $3.6 million of cash collections restricted as collateral for the payment of fees associated with the unused portion of the then total aggregate commitment of  $1.20 billion. The assets of the SPE totaled  $54.5 million at March 28, 2010 and were primarily included in restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net, and restricted cash held by VIEs in the Company's Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet.

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Fair Value of Financial Instruments
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
Fair Value of Financial Instruments
8. Fair Value of Financial Instruments

The Company's financial instruments consist primarily of cash and cash equivalents, marketable securities, trade receivables, finance receivables, net, trade payables, debt, foreign currency contracts and interest rate swaps (derivative instruments are discussed further in Note 10). Under U.S. GAAP, certain of these items are required to be recorded in the financial statements at fair value, while others are required to be recorded at historical cost.

 

The following table summarizes the fair value and carrying value of the Company's financial instruments at March 27, 2011 and March 28, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     March 27, 2011      March 28, 2010  
     Fair Value      Carrying Value      Fair Value      Carrying Value  

Assets:

           

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 932,515        $ 932,515        $ 1,442,798        $ 1,442,798   

Marketable securities

    $ 115,209        $ 115,209        $ 39,416        $ 39,416   

Accounts receivable, net

    $ 297,671        $ 297,671        $ 286,518        $ 286,518   

Derivatives

    $ 18        $ 18        $ 15,300        $ 15,300   

Finance receivables, net

    $ 6,105,350        $ 6,025,423        $ 6,624,864        $ 6,636,003   

Restricted cash held by variable interest entities

    $ 294,903        $ 294,903        $ 401,275        $ 401,275   

Liabilities:

           

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

    $ 847,972        $ 847,972        $ 852,836        $ 852,836   

Derivatives

    $ 24,787        $ 24,787        $ 12,889        $ 12,889   

Unsecured commercial paper

    $ 488,493        $ 488,493        $ 286,837        $ 286,837   

Credit facilities

    $ 217,651        $ 217,651        $ 430,740        $ 430,740   

Medium-term notes

    $ 2,514,092        $ 2,347,624        $ 2,122,879        $ 2,102,154   

Senior unsecured notes

    $ 406,961        $ 303,000        $ 790,398        $ 600,000   

Term asset-backed securitization debt

    $ 2,366,270        $ 2,324,763        $ 3,689,921        $ 3,606,683   

Cash and Cash Equivalents, Restricted Cash, Accounts Receivable, Net and Accounts Payable – With the exception of certain money-market investments, these items are recorded in the financial statements at historical cost. The historical cost basis for these amounts is estimated to approximate their respective fair values due to the short maturity of these instruments.

Marketable Securities – Marketable securities are recorded in the financial statements at fair value. The fair value of marketable securities is based primarily on quoted market prices. Changes in fair value are recorded, net of tax, as other comprehensive income and included as a component of shareholders' equity.

Finance Receivables, Net – Finance receivables, net includes finance receivables held for investment, net and restricted finance receivables held by VIEs, net. Retail and wholesale finance receivables are recorded in the financial statements at historical cost less an allowance for finance credit losses. The fair value of retail finance receivables is generally calculated by discounting future cash flows using an estimated discount rate that reflects current credit, interest rate and prepayment risks associated with similar types of instruments. The historical cost basis of wholesale finance receivables approximates fair value because they either are short-term or have interest rates that adjust with changes in market interest rates.

Debt – Debt is generally recorded in the financial statements at historical cost. The carrying value of debt provided under credit facilities approximates fair value since the interest rates charged under the facilities are tied directly to market rates and fluctuate as market rates change. The carrying value of unsecured commercial paper approximates fair value due to its short maturity.

The fair values of the medium-term notes maturing in December 2012, December 2014, March 2016 and June 2018 are estimated based upon rates currently available for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities. The medium-term notes which matured in December 2010 were carried at fair value and included a fair value adjustment due to an interest rate swap agreement, designated as a fair value hedge, which effectively converted a portion of the note from a fixed to a floating rate.

The fair value of the senior unsecured notes is estimated based upon rates currently available for debt with similar terms and remaining maturities.

The fair value of the debt related to term asset-backed securitization transactions is estimated based on pricing currently available for transactions with similar terms and maturities.

 

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Fair Value Measurements
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Fair Value Measurements
Fair Value Measurements
9. Fair Value Measurements

Certain assets and liabilities are recorded at fair value in the financial statements; some of these are measured on a recurring basis while others are measured on a non-recurring basis. Assets and liabilities measured on a recurring basis are those that are adjusted to fair value each time a financial statement is prepared. Assets and liabilities measured on a non-recurring basis are those that are adjusted to fair value when a significant event occurs. In determining fair value of assets and liabilities, the Company uses various valuation techniques. The availability of inputs observable in the market varies from instrument to instrument and depends on a variety of factors including the type of instrument, whether the instrument is actively traded, and other characteristics particular to the transaction. For many financial instruments, pricing inputs are readily observable in the market, the valuation methodology used is widely accepted by market participants, and the valuation does not require significant management discretion. For other financial instruments, pricing inputs are less observable in the market and may require management judgment.

The Company assesses the inputs used to measure fair value using a three-tier hierarchy. The hierarchy indicates the extent to which inputs used in measuring fair value are observable in the market. Level 1 inputs include quoted prices for identical instruments and are the most observable. Level 2 inputs include quoted prices for similar assets and observable inputs such as interest rates, foreign currency exchange rates, commodity rates and yield curves. Level 3 inputs are not observable in the market and include management's judgments about the assumptions market participants would use in pricing the asset or liability. The use of observable and unobservable inputs is reflected in the hierarchy assessment disclosed in the following tables.

Recurring Fair Value Measurements

The following tables present information about the Company's assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis as of March 27, 2011 and March 28, 2010 (in thousands):

 

     Balance as of
March 27, 2011
     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

    $ 593,344        $ 593,344        $ —          $ —     

Marketable securities

     115,209         59,977         55,232         —     

Derivatives

     18         —           18         —     
                                   
    $ 708,571        $ 653,321        $ 55,250        $ —     
                                   

Liabilities:

           

Derivatives

    $ 24,787        $ —          $ 24,787        $ —     
                                   
     Balance as of
March 28, 2010
     Quoted Prices in
Active Markets for
Identical Assets
(Level 1)
     Significant
Other
Observable
Inputs
(Level 2)
     Significant
Unobservable
Inputs
(Level 3)
 

Assets:

           

Cash equivalents

    $ 1,093,653        $ 1,093,653        $ —          $ —     

Marketable securities

     39,416         —           39,416         —     

Derivatives

     15,300         —           15,300         —     
                                   
    $ 1,148,369        $ 1,093,653        $ 54,716        $ —     
                                   

Liabilities:

           

Derivatives

    $ 12,889        $ —          $ 12,889        $ —     
                                   

 

The Company uses the market approach to derive the fair value for its level 2 fair value measurements. Foreign currency exchange contracts are valued using publicly quoted spot and forward prices; commodity contracts are valued using publicly quoted prices, where available, or dealer quotes; interest rate swaps are valued using publicized swap curves; and investments in marketable debt and equity securities are valued using publicly quoted prices.

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Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities
10. Derivative Instruments and Hedging Activities

The Company is exposed to certain risks such as foreign currency exchange rate risk, interest rate risk and commodity price risk. To reduce its exposure to such risks, the Company selectively uses derivative financial instruments. All derivative transactions are authorized and executed pursuant to regularly reviewed policies and procedures, which prohibit the use of financial instruments for speculative trading purposes.

All derivative instruments are recognized on the balance sheet at fair value (see Note 8). In accordance with ASC Topic 815, "Derivatives and Hedging," the accounting for changes in the fair value of a derivative instrument depends on whether it has been designated and qualifies as part of a hedging relationship and, further, on the type of hedging relationship. Changes in the fair value of derivatives that are designated as fair value hedges, along with the gain or loss on the hedged item, are recorded in current period earnings. For derivative instruments that are designated as cash flow hedges, the effective portion of gains and losses that result from changes in the fair value of derivative instruments is initially recorded in other comprehensive income (OCI) and subsequently reclassified into earnings when the hedged item affects income. The Company assesses, both at the inception of each hedge and on an on-going basis, whether the derivatives that are used in its hedging transactions are highly effective in offsetting changes in cash flows of the hedged items. Any ineffective portion is immediately recognized in earnings. No component of a hedging derivative instrument's gain or loss is excluded from the assessment of hedge effectiveness. Derivative instruments that do not qualify for hedge accounting are recorded at fair value and any changes in fair value are recorded in current period earnings.

The Company sells its products internationally and in most markets those sales are made in the foreign country's local currency. As a result, the Company's earnings can be affected by fluctuations in the value of the U.S. dollar relative to foreign currency. The Company's most significant foreign currency risk relates to the Euro, the Australian dollar and the Japanese yen. The Company utilizes foreign currency contracts to mitigate the effects of these currencies' fluctuations on earnings. The foreign currency contracts are entered into with banks and allow the Company to exchange a specified amount of foreign currency for U.S. dollars at a future date, based on a fixed exchange rate.

The Company utilizes natural gas contracts to hedge portions of the cost of natural gas consumed in the Company's motorcycle production operations.

The Company's foreign currency contracts and natural gas contracts generally have maturities of less than one year.

The Company's earnings are affected by changes in interest rates. HDFS utilizes interest rate swaps to reduce the impact of fluctuations in interest rates on its unsecured commercial paper by converting a portion from a floating rate basis to a fixed rate basis. In addition, HDFS utilized interest rate swaps with its medium-term notes which matured in December 2010; however, the impact was to convert from a fixed rate basis to a floating rate basis. HDFS also entered into derivative contracts to facilitate its first quarter 2008 term asset-backed securitization transaction as well as its third quarter 2007 term asset-backed securitization transaction. These derivatives, which hedge assets held by VIEs, do not qualify for hedge accounting treatment. During 2010, the derivative contracts related to the third quarter 2007 term asset-backed securitization expired. Additionally, to facilitate the asset-backed commercial paper conduit facility agreements that the Company entered into in April 2009, HDFS entered into derivative contracts, which did not qualify for hedge accounting treatment. These derivative contracts were terminated in 2010. The fair value of HDFS's interest rate swaps is determined using pricing models that incorporate quoted prices for similar assets and observable inputs such as interest rates and yield curves.

 

The following table summarizes the fair value of the Company's derivative financial instruments (in thousands):

 

     March 27, 2011      March 28, 2010  

Derivatives Designated As Hedging Instruments Under ASC Topic
815

   Notional
Value
     Asset
Fair  Value(a)
     Liability
Fair  Value(b)
     Notional
Value
     Asset
Fair  Value(a)
     Liability
Fair  Value(b)
 

Foreign currency contracts(c)

    $ 300,455        $ —          $ 18,675        $ 144,871        $ 6,744        $ 2,197   

Natural gas contracts(c)

     3,165         —           26         3,523         —           745   

Interest rate swaps - unsecured commercial paper(c)

     126,000         —           6,068         166,000         —           9,667   

Interest rate swaps - medium-term notes(d)

     —           —           —           150,000         4,716         —     
                                                     

Total

    $ 429,620        $ —          $ 24,769        $ 464,394        $ 11,460        $ 12,609   
                                                     
     March 27, 2011      March 28, 2010  

Derivatives Not Designated As Hedging Instruments Under ASC
Topic 815

   Notional
Value
     Asset
Fair Value(a)
     Liability
Fair Value(b)
     Notional
Value
     Asset
Fair Value(a)
     Liability
Fair Value(b)
 

Derivatives - securitization transactions

    $ 17,723        $ 18        $ 18        $ 262,518        $ —          $ 280   

Derivatives - conduit facility

     —           —           —           545,497         3,840         —     
                                                     
    $ 17,723        $ 18        $ 18        $ 808,015        $ 3,840        $ 280   
                                                     

 

(a) Included in other current assets
(b) Included in accrued liabilities
(c) Derivative designated as a cash flow hedge
(d) Derivative designated as a fair value hedge

The following tables summarize the amount of gains and losses related to derivative financial instruments designated as cash flow hedges (in thousands):

 

     Amount of Gain/(Loss)
Recognized in OCI
 
     Three months ended  

Cash Flow Hedges

   March 27,
2011
    March 28,
2010
 

Foreign currency contracts

    $ (10,161    $ 9,401   

Natural gas contracts

     (37     (904

Interest rate swaps - unsecured commercial paper

     (8     (1,800
                

Total

    $ (10,206    $ 6,697   
                

 

     Amount of Gain/(Loss) Reclassified from AOCI into Income  
     Three months ended     Expected to be Reclassified
Over the Next Twelve Months
 

Cash Flow Hedges

   March 27, 2011     March 28, 2010    

Foreign currency contracts(a)

    $ (6,007    $ 360       $  (15,425)   

Natural gas contracts(a)

     (258     (108     (26

Interest rate swaps - unsecured commercial paper(b)

     (1,350     (1,786     (4,614
                        

Total

    $ (7,615    $ (1,534    $ (20,065)   
                        

 

(a) Gain/(loss) reclassified from accumulated other comprehensive income (AOCI) to income is included in cost of goods sold.
(b) Gain/(loss) reclassified from AOCI to income is included in financial services interest expense.

For the three months ended March 27, 2011 and March 28, 2010, the cash flow hedges were highly effective and, as a result, the amount of hedge ineffectiveness was not material. No amounts were excluded from effectiveness testing.

 

The following tables summarize the amount of gains and losses related to derivative financial instruments designated as fair value hedges (in thousands):

 

     Amount of Loss
Recognized in Income on Derivative
 
     Three months ended  

Fair Value Hedges

   March 27,
2011
     March 28,
2010
 

Interest rate swaps - medium-term notes(a)

    $  —          $ (1,356
     Amount of Gain
Recognized in Income on Hedged Debt
 
     Three months ended  

Fair Value Hedges

   March 27,
2011
     March 28,
2010
 

Interest rate swaps - medium-term notes(a)

    $  —          $ 1,356   

 

(a) Gain/(loss) recognized in income is included in financial services interest expense.

The following table summarizes the amount of gains and losses related to derivative financial instruments not designated as hedging instruments (in thousands):

 

     Amount of Loss
Recognized in Income on
Derivative
 
     Three months ended  

Derivatives not Designated as Hedges

   March 27,
2011
     March 28,
2010
 

Derivatives - securitization transactions(a)

    $ —          $ (9

Derivatives - conduit facility(a)

     —           (3,364
                 
    $ —          $ (3,373
                 

 

(a) Gain/(loss) recognized in income is included in financial services revenue.

The Company is exposed to credit loss risk in the event of non-performance by counterparties to these derivative financial instruments. Although no assurances can be given, the Company does not expect any of the counterparties to these derivative financial instruments to fail to meet its obligations. To manage credit loss risk, the Company selects counterparties based on credit ratings and, on a quarterly basis, evaluates each hedge's net position relative to the counterparty's ability to cover its position.

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Comprehensive Income
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Comprehensive Income
Comprehensive Income
11. Comprehensive Income

The following tables set forth the reconciliation of net income to comprehensive income (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended  
     March 27, 2011     March 28, 2010  

Net income

      $ 119,260         $ 33,325   

Other comprehensive income, net of tax:

        

Foreign currency translation adjustment

       13,952          (8,818

Derivative financial instruments:

        

Unrealized net (losses) gains arising during period

     (6,426       4,163     

Less: net losses reclassified into net income

     (4,808     (1,618     (985     5,148   
                    

Marketable securities

        

Unrealized gains (losses) on marketable securities

     41        41        (484     (484
                    

Pension and postretirement benefit plans:

        

Amortization of actuarial loss

     6,968          4,969     

Amortization of net prior service (credit) cost

     (719       317     

Pension and postretirement plan funded status adjustment

     546          —       

Less: actuarial loss reclassified into net income due to settlement

     —            (1,625  

Less: prior service (cost) credit reclassified into net income due to net curtailment loss

     (1     6,796        644        6,267   
                                
      $ 138,431         $ 35,438   
                    

 

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Income Taxes
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Income Taxes
Income Taxes
12. Income Taxes

During the first quarter of 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act was signed into law. As a result of this Act, reimbursements the Company receives under Medicare Part D coverage for providing retiree prescription drug benefits would no longer be tax free beginning in 2011. At the beginning of second quarter of 2010, the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010 delayed the impact of this change to 2013. On April 14, 2010, the SEC staff announced that the Office of the Chief Accountant would not object to a view that the two Acts should be considered together for accounting purposes. The Company accounted for both Acts in the first quarter of 2010 and recorded income tax expense of  $13.3 million associated with this change which affected the Company's first quarter 2010 income tax rate.

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Product Warranty and Safety Recall Campaigns
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Product Warranty and Safety Recall Campaigns
Product Warranty and Safety Recall Campaigns
13. Product Warranty and Safety Recall Campaigns

The Company currently provides a standard two-year limited warranty on all new motorcycles sold worldwide, except for Japan, where the Company currently provides a standard three-year limited warranty on all new motorcycles sold. The warranty coverage for the retail customer includes parts and labor and generally begins when the motorcycle is sold to a retail customer. The Company maintains reserves for future warranty claims using an estimated cost per unit sold, which is based primarily on historical Company claim information. Additionally, the Company has from time to time initiated certain voluntary safety recall campaigns. The Company reserves for all estimated costs associated with safety recalls in the period that the safety recalls are announced.

 

Changes in the Company's warranty and safety recall liability were as follows (in thousands):

 

The liability for safety recall campaigns was  $3.4 million and  $4.2 million as of March 27, 2011 and March 28, 2010, respectively.

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Earnings Per Share
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Earnings Per Share
Earnings Per Share
14. Earnings Per Share

The Company has a share-based compensation plan under which employees may be granted share-based awards including shares of restricted stock and restricted stock units (RSUs). Non-forfeitable dividends are paid on unvested shares of restricted stock and non-forfeitable dividend equivalents are paid on unvested RSUs. As such, shares of restricted stock and RSUs are considered participating securities under the two-class method of calculating earnings per share as described in ASC Topic 260, "Earnings per Share." The two-class method of calculating earnings per share did not have a material impact on the Company's earnings per share calculation as of March 27, 2011 and March 28, 2010.

The following table sets forth the computation for basic and diluted earnings per share from continuing operations (in thousands, except per share amounts):

 

     Three months ended  
     March 27,
2011
     March 28,
2010
 

Numerator:

     

Income from continuing operations used in computing basic and diluted earnings per share

    $ 119,260        $ 68,741   
                 

Denominator:

     

Denominator for basic earnings per share-weighted-average common shares

     233,820         232,864   

Effect of dilutive securities - employee stock compensation plan

     2,083         1,364   
                 

Denominator for diluted earnings per share-adjusted weighted-average shares outstanding

     235,903         234,228   
                 

Earnings per common share from continuing operations:

     

Basic

    $ 0.51        $ 0.30   

Diluted

    $ 0.51        $ 0.29   

Outstanding options to purchase 3.3 million and 4.4 million shares of common stock for the three months ended March 27, 2011 and March 28, 2010, respectively, were not included in the Company's computation of dilutive securities because the exercise price was greater than the market price and therefore the effect would have been anti-dilutive.

 

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Employee Benefit Plans
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Employee Benefit Plans
Employee Benefit Plans
15. Employee Benefit Plans

The Company has several defined benefit pension plans and several postretirement healthcare benefit plans, which cover substantially all employees of the Motorcycles segment. The Company also has unfunded supplemental employee retirement plan agreements (SERPA) with certain employees which were instituted to replace benefits lost under the Tax Revenue Reconciliation Act of 1993. Components of net periodic benefit costs were as follows (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended  
     March 27,
2011
    March 28,
2010
 
Pension and SERPA Benefits     

Service cost

    $ 9,273       $ 10,393   

Interest cost

     20,147        19,457   

Expected return on plan assets

     (26,653     (24,344

Amortization of unrecognized:

    

Prior service cost

     745        1,133   

Net loss

     7,554        5,642   

Curtailment loss

     236        —     

Settlement loss

     —          2,582   
                

Net periodic benefit cost

    $ 11,302       $ 14,863   
                
Postretirement Healthcare Benefits     

Service cost

    $ 1,907       $ 2,517   

Interest cost

     4,911        5,297   

Expected return on plan assets

     (2,346     (2,445

Amortization of unrecognized:

    

Prior service credit

     (969     (629

Net loss

     1,798        2,251   

Curtailment gain

     —          (1,023
                

Net periodic benefit cost

    $ 5,301       $ 5,968   
                

As disclosed in Note 5, the Company recorded restructuring expense of  $6.5 million related to its 2011 Restructuring Plan during the first three months of 2011. The restructuring action resulted in a pension plan curtailment loss of  $0.2 million, which is included in the  $6.5 million restructuring expense. The curtailment loss also resulted in a pension plan remeasurement using a discount rate of 5.76% and a postretirement healthcare plan remeasurement using a discount rate of 5.3%. At December 31, 2010, the discount rates used to measure the pension plans and the postretirement healthcare plans were 5.79% and 5.28%, respectively. All other significant assumptions remain unchanged from the December 31, 2010 measurement date. As a result of the remeasurements, the Company recognized a funded status adjustment consisting of a  $0.9 million decrease to its pension and postretirement healthcare liabilities and an increase to other comprehensive income of  $0.9 million, or  $0.5 million net of tax. During the first three months of 2010, the Company recorded restructuring expense of  $48.2 million related to its 2009 Restructuring Plan, which included a postretirement healthcare plan curtailment gain of  $1.0 million.

During the first three months of 2010, the Company incurred a  $2.6 million settlement loss related to its SERPA plans. The settlement loss was the result of benefit payments made to former executives who departed from the Company during 2009.

 

During the first quarter of 2011, the Company contributed  $200.0 million in cash to further fund its pension plans.No additional pension contributions are required in 2011. The Company expects it will continue to make on-going contributions related to current benefit payments for SERPA and postretirement healthcare plans.

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Business Segments
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Business Segments
Business Segments
16. Business Segments

The Company operates in two business segments: Motorcycles and Financial Services. The Company's reportable segments are strategic business units that offer different products and services. They are managed separately based on the fundamental differences in their operations. Selected segment information is set forth below (in thousands):

 

     Three months ended  
     March 27,
2011
     March 28,
2010
 

Motorcycles net revenue

    $ 1,063,044        $ 1,037,335   

Gross profit

     351,866         379,547   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     203,805         205,204   

Restructuring expense

     22,999         48,236   
                 

Operating income from Motorcycles

     125,062         126,107   

Financial services income

     161,886         169,837   

Financial services expense

     93,951         143,155   
                 

Operating income from Financial Services

     67,935         26,682   
                 

Operating income

    $ 192,997        $ 152,789   
                 
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Commitments and Contingencies
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Commitments and Contingencies
Commitments and Contingencies
17. Commitment and Contingencies

The Company is subject to lawsuits and other claims related to environmental, product and other matters. In determining required reserves related to these items, the Company carefully analyzes cases and considers the likelihood of adverse judgments or outcomes, as well as the potential range of possible loss. The required reserves are monitored on an ongoing basis and are updated based on new developments or new information in each matter.

Environmental Protection Agency Notice

In December 2009, the Company received formal, written requests for information from the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regarding: (i) certificates of conformity for motorcycle emissions and related designations and labels, (ii) aftermarket parts, and (iii) warranty claims on emissions related components. The Company promptly submitted written responses to the EPA's inquiry and engaged in discussions with the EPA. It is possible that a result of the EPA's investigation will be some form of enforcement action by the EPA that will seek a fine or other relief. However, at this time the Company does not know and cannot reasonably estimate the impact of any remedies the EPA might seek.

York Environmental Matters:

The Company is involved with government agencies and groups of potentially responsible parties in various environmental matters, including a matter involving the cleanup of soil and groundwater contamination at its York, Pennsylvania facility. The York facility was formerly used by the U.S. Navy and AMF prior to the purchase of the York facility by the Company from AMF in 1981. Although the Company is not certain as to the full extent of the environmental contamination at the York facility, it has been working with the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection (PADEP) since 1986 in undertaking environmental investigation and remediation activities, including an ongoing site-wide remedial investigation/feasibility study (RI/FS). In January 1995, the Company entered into a settlement agreement (the Agreement) with the Navy. The Agreement calls for the Navy and the Company to contribute amounts into a trust equal to 53% and 47%, respectively, of future costs associated with environmental investigation and remediation activities at the York facility (Response Costs). The trust administers the payment of the Response Costs incurred at the York facility as covered by the Agreement.

 

In February 2002, the Company was advised by the EPA that it considers some of the Company's remediation activities at the York facility to be subject to the EPA's corrective action program under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and offered the Company the option of addressing corrective action under a RCRA facility lead agreement. In July 2005, the York facility was designated as the first site in Pennsylvania to be addressed under the "One Cleanup Program." The program provides a more streamlined and efficient oversight of voluntary remediation by both PADEP and EPA and will be carried out consistent with the Agreement with the Navy. As a result, the RCRA facility lead agreement has been superseded.

The Company estimates that its share of the future Response Costs at the York facility will be approximately  $5.4 million and has established a reserve for this amount which is included in accrued liabilities in the Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets. As noted above, the RI/FS is still underway and given the uncertainty that exists concerning the nature and scope of additional environmental investigation and remediation that may ultimately be required under the RI/FS, we are unable to make a reasonable estimate of those additional costs, if any, that may result.

The estimate of the Company's future Response Costs that will be incurred at the York facility is based on reports of independent environmental consultants retained by the Company, the actual costs incurred to date and the estimated costs to complete the necessary investigation and remediation activities. Response Costs related to the remediation of soil are expected to be incurred over a period of several years ending in 2015. Response Costs related to ground water remediation may continue for some time beyond 2015.

Product Liability Matters:

Additionally, the Company is involved in product liability suits related to the operation of its business. The Company accrues for claim exposures that are probable of occurrence and can be reasonably estimated. The Company also maintains insurance coverage for product liability exposures. The Company believes that its accruals and insurance coverage are adequate and that product liability will not have a material adverse effect on the Company's consolidated financial statements.

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Supplemental Consolidating Data
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Supplemental Consolidating Data
Supplemental Consolidating Data
18. Supplemental Consolidating Data

The supplemental consolidating data for the periods noted is presented for informational purposes. The supplemental consolidating data may be different than segment information presented elsewhere due to the allocation of intercompany eliminations to reporting segments. All supplemental data is presented in thousands.

 

     Three months ended March 27, 2011  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue:

         

Motorcycles and related products

    $ 1,065,490       $ —          $ (2,446    $ 1,063,044   

Financial services

     —          161,752         134        161,886   
                                 

Total revenue

     1,065,490        161,752         (2,312     1,224,930   

Costs and expenses:

         

Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold

     711,178        —           —          711,178   

Financial services interest expense

     —          58,035         —          58,035   

Financial services provision for credit losses

     —          5,606         —          5,606   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     203,671        32,756         (2,312     234,115   

Restructuring expense

     22,999        —           —          22,999   
                                 

Total costs and expenses

     937,848        96,397         (2,312     1,031,933   
                                 

Operating income

     127,642        65,355         —          192,997   

Investment income

     126,398        —           (125,000     1,398   

Interest expense

     11,481        —           —          11,481   
                                 

Income before provision for income taxes

     242,559        65,355         (125,000     182,914   

Provision for income taxes

     40,126        23,528         —          63,654   
                                 

Income from continuing operations

     202,433        41,827         (125,000     119,260   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     —          —           —          —     
                                 

Net income

    $ 202,433       $ 41,827        $ (125,000    $ 119,260   
                                 
     Three months ended March 28, 2010  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

Revenue:

         

Motorcycles and related products

    $ 1,037,335       $ —          $ —         $ 1,037,335   

Financial services

     —          169,525         312        169,837   
                                 

Total revenue

     1,037,335        169,525         312        1,207,172   

Costs and expenses:

         

Motorcycles and related products cost of goods sold

     657,788        —           —          657,788   

Financial services interest expense

     —          81,203         —          81,203   

Financial services provision for credit losses

     —          31,806         —          31,806   

Selling, administrative and engineering expense

     204,892        30,146         312        235,350   

Restructuring expense

     48,236        —           —          48,236   
                                 

Total costs and expenses

     910,916        143,155         312        1,054,383   
                                 

Operating income

     126,419        26,370         —          152,789   

Investment income

     876        —           —          876   

Interest expense

     23,455        —           —          23,455   
                                 

Income before provision for income taxes

     103,840        26,370         —          130,210   

Provision for income taxes

     51,975        9,494         —          61,469   
                                 

Income from continuing operations

     51,865        16,876         —          68,741   

Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax

     (35,416     —           —          (35,416
                                 

Net income

    $ 16,449       $ 16,876        $ —         $ 33,325   
                                 

 

     March 27, 2011  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
     Financial
Services Operations
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

ASSETS

          

Current assets:

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 663,026        $ 269,489        $ —         $ 932,515   

Marketable securities

     115,209         —           —          115,209   

Accounts receivable, net

     630,437         —           (332,766     297,671   

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —           1,276,780         —          1,276,780   

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —           637,760         —          637,760   

Inventories

     372,323         —           —          372,323   

Restricted cash held by variable interest entities

     —           294,903         —          294,903   

Other current assets

     172,062         71,365         —          243,427   
                                  

Total current assets

     1,953,057         2,550,297         (332,766     4,170,588   

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —           1,806,563         —          1,806,563   

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —           2,304,320         —          2,304,320   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     769,480         29,611         —          799,091   

Goodwill

     30,988         —           —          30,988   

Other long-term assets

     336,759         26,701         (69,868     293,592   
                                  
    $ 3,090,284        $ 6,717,492        $ (402,634    $ 9,405,142   
                                  

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

          

Current liabilities:

          

Accounts payable

    $ 246,746        $ 378,696        $ (332,766    $ 292,676   

Accrued liabilities

     493,896         89,253         (3,066     580,083   

Short-term debt

     —           393,393         —          393,393   

Current portion of long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —           721,179         —          721,179   
                                  

Total current liabilities

     740,642         1,582,521         (335,832     1,987,331   

Long-term debt

     303,000         2,660,375         —          2,963,375   

Long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —           1,603,584         —          1,603,584   

Pension liability

     99,627         —           —          99,627   

Postretirement healthcare liability

     254,505         —           —          254,505   

Other long-term liabilities

     145,739         10,733         —          156,472   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)

          

Total shareholders' equity

     1,546,771         860,279         (66,802     2,340,248   
                                  
    $ 3,090,284        $ 6,717,492        $ (402,634    $ 9,405,142   
                                  

 

     December 31, 2010  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
     Financial
Services Operations
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

ASSETS

          

Current assets:

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 791,791        $ 230,142        $ —         $ 1,021,933   

Marketable securities

     140,118         —           —          140,118   

Accounts receivable, net

     454,311         —           (191,929     262,382   

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —           1,080,432         —          1,080,432   

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —           699,026         —          699,026   

Inventories

     326,446         —           —          326,446   

Restricted cash held by variable interest entities

     —           288,887         —          288,887   

Other current assets

     158,692         136,285         (47,575     247,402   
                                  

Total current assets

     1,871,358         2,434,772         (239,504     4,066,626   

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —           1,553,781         —          1,553,781   

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —           2,684,330         —          2,684,330   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     785,139         29,973         —          815,112   

Goodwill

     29,590         —           —          29,590   

Other long-term assets

     324,750         25,919         (69,368     281,301   
                                  
    $ 3,010,837        $ 6,728,775        $ (308,872    $ 9,430,740   
                                  

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

          

Current liabilities:

          

Accounts payable

    $ 195,642        $ 253,794        $ (224,090    $ 225,346   

Accrued liabilities

     501,741         73,569         (18,639     556,671   

Short-term debt

     —           480,472         —          480,472   

Current portion of long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —           751,293         —          751,293   
                                  

Total current liabilities

     697,383         1,559,128         (242,729     2,013,782   

Long-term debt

     303,000         2,213,650         —          2,516,650   

Long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —           2,003,941         —          2,003,941   

Pension liability

     282,085         —           —          282,085   

Postretirement healthcare benefits

     254,762         —           —          254,762   

Other long-term liabilities

     140,804         11,850         —          152,654   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)

          

Total shareholders' equity

     1,332,803         940,206         (66,143     2,206,866   
                                  
    $ 3,010,837        $ 6,728,775        $ (308,872    $ 9,430,740   
                                  

 

     March 28, 2010  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
     Financial
Services Operations
     Eliminations     Consolidated  

ASSETS

          

Current assets:

          

Cash and cash equivalents

    $ 1,148,618        $ 294,180        $ —         $ 1,442,798   

Marketable securities

     39,416         —           —          39,416   

Accounts receivable, net

     558,707         —           (272,189     286,518   

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —           1,252,420         —          1,252,420   

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —           809,779         —          809,779   

Inventories

     322,238         —           —          322,238   

Assets of discontinued operations

     151,175         —           —          151,175   

Restricted cash held by variable interest entities

     —           401,275         —          401,275   

Other current assets

     203,590         112,300         —          315,890   
                                  

Total current assets

     2,423,744         2,869,954         (272,189     5,021,509   

Finance receivables held for investment, net

     —           1,274,734         —          1,274,734   

Restricted finance receivables held by variable interest entities, net

     —           3,299,070         —          3,299,070   

Property, plant and equipment, net

     814,992         32,488         —          847,480   

Goodwill

     29,818         —           —          29,818   

Other long-term assets

     272,336         25,026         (67,070     230,292   
                                  
    $ 3,540,890        $ 7,501,272        $ (339,259    $ 10,702,903   
                                  

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

          

Current liabilities:

          

Accounts payable

    $ 225,100        $ 312,994        $ (272,189    $ 265,905   

Accrued liabilities

     499,008         103,506         (2,694     599,820   

Liabilities of discontinued operations

     61,726         —           —          61,726   

Short-term debt

     —           160,837         —          160,837   

Current portion of long-term debt

     191,458         204,711         —          396,169   

Current portion of long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —           898,935         —          898,935   
                                  

Total current liabilities

     977,292         1,680,983         (274,883     2,383,392   

Long-term debt

     600,000         2,262,725         —          2,862,725   

Long-term debt held by variable interest entities

     —           2,707,748         —          2,707,748   

Pension liability

     239,445         —           —          239,445   

Postretirement healthcare liability

     265,117         —           —          265,117   

Other long-term liabilities

     145,656         11,421         —          157,077   

Commitments and contingencies (Note 17)

          

Total shareholders' equity

     1,313,380         838,395         (64,376     2,087,399   
                                  
    $ 3,540,890        $ 7,501,272        $ (339,259    $ 10,702,903   
                                  

 

     Three months ended March 27, 2011  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
    Eliminations &
Adjustments
    Consolidated  

Cash flows from operating activities:

        

Income from continuing operations

    $ 202,433       $ 41,827       $ (125,000    $ 119,260   

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation

     41,340        1,607        —          42,947   

Amortization of deferred loan origination costs

     —          19,329        —          19,329   

Amortization of financing origination fees

     118        2,989        —          3,107   

Provision for employee long-term benefits

     16,445        (882     —          15,563   

Contributions to pension and postretirement plans

     (204,816     —          —          (204,816

Stock compensation expense

     8,481        672        —          9,153   

Net change in wholesale finance receivables

     —          —          (163,967     (163,967

Provision for credit losses

     —          5,606        —          5,606   

Pension and postretirement healthcare plan curtailment and settlement expense

     236        —          —          236   

Foreign currency adjustments

     29        —          —          29   

Other, net

     1,884        12,228        —          14,112   

Change in current assets and current liabilities:

        

Accounts receivable

     (167,885     —          140,837        (27,048

Finance receivables - accrued interest and other

     —          3,542        —          3,542   

Inventories

     (38,200     —          —          (38,200

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     39,517        152,692        (93,249     98,960   

Restructuring reserves

     7,757        —          —          7,757   

Derivative instruments

     2,178        (21     —          2,157   

Other

     (12,706     47,636        (47,575     (12,645
                                

Total adjustments

     (305,622     245,398        (163,954     (224,178
                                

Net cash (used by) provided by operating activities of continuing operations

     (103,189     287,225        (288,954     (104,918
                                

Cash flows from investing activities of continuing operations:

        

Capital expenditures

     (26,460     (1,244     —          (27,704

Origination of finance receivables

     —          (1,406,139     856,939        (549,200

Collections of finance receivables

     —          1,369,924        (692,972     676,952   

Purchases of marketable securities

     (5,000     —          —          (5,000

Sales and redemptions of marketable securities

     29,974        —          —          29,974   
                                

Net cash (used by) provided by investing activities of continuing operations

     (1,486     (37,459     163,967        125,022   
                                

Cash flows from financing activities of continuing operations:

        

Proceeds from issuance of medium-term notes

     —          447,076        —          447,076   

Repayments of securitization debt

     —          (430,471     —          (430,471

Net decrease in credit facilities and unsecured commercial paper

     —          (96,174     —          (96,174

Net change in restricted cash

     —          (6,016     —          (6,016

Dividends paid

     (23,643     (125,000     125,000        (23,643

Purchase of common stock for treasury

     (4,699     —          —          (4,699

Excess tax benefits from share based payments

     3,262        —          —          3,262   

Issuance of common stock under employee stock option plans

     3,861        —          —          3,861   
                                

Net cash used by financing activities of continuing operations

     (21,219     (210,585     125,000        (106,804

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations

     (2,846     166        (13     (2,693

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations

     (128,740     39,347        —          (89,393

Cash flows from discontinued operations:

        

Cash flows from operating activities of discontinued operations

     (25     —          —          (25

Cash flows from investing activities of discontinued operations

     —          —          —          —     

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations

     —          —          —          —     
                                
     (25     —          —          (25
                                

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

    $ (128,765    $ 39,347       $ —         $ (89,418
                                

Cash and cash equivalents:

        

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period

    $ 791,791       $ 230,142       $ —         $ 1,021,933   

Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations - beginning of period

     —          —          —          —     

Net (decrease) increase in cash and cash equivalents

     (128,765     39,347        —          (89,418

Less: Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations - end of period

     —          —          —          —     
                                

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period

    $ 663,026       $ 269,489       $ —         $ 932,515   
                                

 

     Three months ended March 28, 2010  
     Motorcycles & Related
Products Operations
    Financial
Services Operations
    Eliminations &
Adjustments
    Consolidated  

Cash flows from operating activities:

        

Net income

    $ 16,449       $ 16,876       $ —         $ 33,325   

Loss from discontinued operations

     (35,416     —          —          (35,416
                                

Income from continuing operations

     51,865        16,876        —          68,741   

Adjustments to reconcile income from continuing operations to cash provided by operating activities:

        

Depreciation

     65,694        1,698        —          67,392   

Amortization of deferred loan origination costs

     —          22,519        —          22,519   

Amortization of financing origination fees

     256        8,808        —          9,064   

Provision for employee long-term benefits

     25,645        257        —          25,902   

Contributions to pension and postretirement plans

     (16,137     —          —          (16,137

Stock compensation expense

     5,563        560        —          6,123   

Net change in wholesale finance receivables

     —          —          (173,994     (173,994

Provision for credit losses

     —          31,806        —          31,806   

Pension and postretirement healthcare plan curtailment and settlement expense

     1,558        —          —          1,558   

Foreign currency adjustments

     (2,962     —          —          (2,962

Other, net

     12,628        7,419        —          20,047   

Change in current assets and current liabilities:

        

Accounts receivable

     (211,284     —          184,628        (26,656

Finance receivables - accrued interest and other

     —          5,934        —          5,934   

Inventories

     (7,158     —          —          (7,158

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     145,379        216,147        (184,646     176,880   

Restructuring reserves

     (1,906     (219     —          (2,125

Derivative instruments

     (1,829     2,667        —          838   

Other

     (5,685     (1,245     —          (6,930
                                

Total adjustments

     9,762        296,351        (174,012     132,101   
                                

Net cash provided by operating activities of continuing operations

     61,627        313,227        (174,012     200,842   
                                

Cash flows from investing activities of continuing operations:

        

Capital expenditures

     (14,156     (402     —          (14,558

Origination of finance receivables

     —          (1,264,777     808,898        (455,879

Collections of finance receivables

     —          1,288,887        (634,904     653,983   
                                

Net cash (used by) provided by investing activities of continuing operations

     (14,156     23,708        173,994        183,546   
                                

Cash flows from financing activities of continuing operations:

        

Repayments of securitization debt

     —          (445,215     —          (445,215

Net decrease in credit facilities and unsecured commercial paper

     —          (50,703     —          (50,703

Net change in restricted cash

     —          (34,734     —          (34,734

Dividends paid

     (23,488     —          —          (23,488

Purchase of common stock for treasury

     (1,191     —          —          (1,191

Excess tax benefits from share based payments

     34        —          —          34   

Issuance of common stock under employee stock option plans

     1,101        —          —          1,101   
                                

Net cash used by financing activities of continuing operations

     (23,544     (530,652     —          (554,196

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations

     50        (674     18        (606

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents of continuing operations

     23,977        (194,391     —          (170,414

Cash flows from discontinued operations:

        

Cash flows from operating activities of discontinued operations

     (13,723     —          —          (13,723

Cash flows from investing activities of discontinued operations

     (393     —          —          (393

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations

     (635     —          —          (635
                                
     (14,751     —          —          (14,751
                                

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

    $ 9,226       $ (194,391    $ —         $ (185,165
                                

Cash and cash equivalents:

        

Cash and cash equivalents - beginning of period

    $ 1,141,862       $ 488,571       $ —         $ 1,630,433   

Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations - beginning of period

     6,063        —          —          6,063   

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     9,226        (194,391     —          (185,165

Less: Cash and cash equivalents of discontinued operations - end of period

     (8,533     —          —          (8,533
                                

Cash and cash equivalents - end of period

    $ 1,148,618       $ 294,180       $ —         $ 1,442,798   
                                
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Subsequent Event
3 Months Ended
Mar. 27, 2011
Subsequent Event
Subsequent Event
19. Subsequent Event

On April 28, 2011, the Company and HDFS entered into a new four-year credit facility totaling  $675.0 million. This facility replaces the existing  $675.0 million 364-day facility.

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