AAPL 190.97 -1.17 (-0.61%)FB 164.38 -0.35 (-0.21%)ZNGA 5.3 -0.13 (-2.31%)NVDA 177.47 +0.21 (+0.12%)WBA 62.43 -0.13 (-0.21%)GOOG 1205.9 -0.04 (-0.00%)PIH 5.45 -0.16 (-2.85%)
AAPL 190.97 -1.17 (-0.61%)FB 164.38 -0.35 (-0.21%)ZNGA 5.3 -0.13 (-2.31%)NVDA 177.47 +0.21 (+0.12%)WBA 62.43 -0.13 (-0.21%)GOOG 1205.9 -0.04 (-0.00%)PIH 5.45 -0.16 (-2.85%)

Dupont Ratios Analysis MSFT Quote Microsoft C

ROE = Net IncomeAverage Total EquityROE = Net IncomePretax IncomeTax Burden  Net IncomePretax IncomeInterest Burden  E B I TRevenueReturn On Sales (ROS)Profit Margin  RevenueAverage Total AssetsAssets TurnoverROA  Average Total AssetsAverage Total EquityEquity Multiplier(Financial Leverage)ROE~=~\underbrace{\dfrac{Net~Income}{Average~Total~Equity}}_{\text{ROE}}~=~\underbrace{\underbrace{\underbrace{\dfrac{Net~Income}{Pretax~Income}}_{\text{Tax~Burden}}~*~\underbrace{\dfrac{Net~Income}{Pretax~Income}}_{\text{Interest Burden}}~*~\underbrace{\dfrac{E~B~I~T}{Revenue}}_{\text{Return~On~Sales~(ROS)}}}_{\text{Profit~Margin}}~*~\underbrace{\dfrac{Revenue}{Average~Total~Assets}}_{\text{Assets~Turnover}}}_{\text{ROA}}~*~\underbrace{\dfrac{Average~Total~Assets}{Average~Total~Equity}}_{\text{Equity~Multiplier(Financial~Leverage)}}

ROE =NI/EBT *EBT/EBIT *EBIT/Revenue *Asset Turnover *Company Equity Multiplier
20.36%45.43%93.03%35.53%50.73%2.67
ROA =Net Profit Margin *Asset Turnover
7.62%15.02%50.73%

The company's tax burden is (Net income ÷ Pretax profit). This is the proportion of the company's profits retained after paying income taxes. [NI/EBT]
The company's interest burden is (Pretax income ÷ EBIT). This will be 1.00 for a firm with no debt or financial leverage. [EBT/EBIT]
The company's operating income margin or return on sales (ROS) is (EBIT ÷ Revenue). This is the operating income per dollar of sales. [EBIT/Revenue]
The company's asset turnover (ATO) is (Revenue ÷ Average Total Assets).
The company's equity multiplier is (Average Total Assets ÷ Average Total Equity). This is a measure of financial leverage.

ROE = (Profit margin)*(Asset turnover)*(Equity multiplier) = (Net profit/Sales)*(Sales/Average Total Assets)*(Average Total Assets/Average Equity) = (Net Profit/Equity)
0.20357368812230883 = 0.1501540413193186 * 0.5073194949789804 * 2.6724098746322196

Profitability (measured by profit margin)
Asset efficiency (measured by asset turnover)
Financial leverage (measured by equity multiplier)